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Brighton and Hove people: P

     
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PAINE, Cornelius
1785-1869
Son of a Brighton schoolmaster, he was apprenticed into the grocery trade in 1800 and went into trading in the firm of (Edward) Kensington & Paine with sugar plantations in Montserrat. Following the abolition of slavery in 1833 his firm was awarded £5,061 compensation for two estates that had 323 slaves. By 1851 he was living at 9 Lewes Crescent, described as a 'retired colonial broker'. Also known as an artist and bibliophile, seven of his watercolour paintings of local townscapes are in the collection of Brighton Museum. As a member of the library sub-committee in 1875, he made a large donation now known as the Paine Collection and housed in the Jubilee Library and the Keep. He left 'under £140,000'. His son, also Cornelius, returned to the house and died there in 1890. 9 Lewes Crescent
PANKHURST, Edward John
A councillor for the Queen's Park Ward and mayor of Brighton in 1921-23. The family owned land and property in the Queens Park area. Pankhurst Avenue
Freshfield Road
PARNELL, Charles Stewart
1846-1891
Charles Stewart ParnellMP, Irish nationalist, founder and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party. Famously involved in the divorce scandal concerning Katharine O'Shea. Carlisle Road (plaque on Dorset Court)
10 Walsingham Terrace
Parnell Court, Medina Place
PAXTON, Air Vice-Marshall Sir Anthony Lauderdale Paxton KBE, CB, DFC
1896-1957
Sir Anthony PaxtonBorn in Sydney, Australia, educated at Dulwich College. After a spell of cattle ranching in Mexico, where he was British vice-consul in Sonora, he enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps in Vancouver in 1916 and returned to England. He was Senior Air Staff Officer at the British Air Forces of Occupation HQ and then in 1947 RAF Director-General of Personnel.
Photo: Walter Stoneman, 1945 [courtesy of National Portrait Gallery]
47 Dyke Road Avenue [residence c1949-c1951]
PEARS, Harry William Kilby
1869-1950
Son of a pharmaceutical manufacturer, born in Hove. In 1890 he joined his father in the firm, now called Kilby Pears & Son, which Harry renamed Goldstone Laboratories when he took over control. It became The Standard Tablet and Pill Company in 1917, when a new factory, designed by Clayton & Black, was built adjacent to Hove Station in Hove Park Villas. He remained managing director when the business was acquired by the Dubarry Perfumery Company in 1923. The following year the family moved to Newchapel House, Lingfield, Surrey, where he died. • 42 Waterloo Street [childhood home]
16[-17] Western Road, Hove [premises, residence 1875-1908]
• 16 Brunswick Road [residence 1901]
Elm Lodge, Park View Villas [residence 1905-1914]
PECCHIO, Count Giuseppe
1785-1835
Giuseppe PecchioItalian politican, auditor in the Council of State 1810-1814, then in 1819 became a deputy in the provincial parliament of Milan. He took part in the Piedmontese revolution of 1820 and went into exile in March 1821 in Switzerland, Spain and Portugal but settled in England in July 1823. He earned a living by teaching in Nottingham but between March and December 1825 went with Byron's friend Captain Gamba to deliver a loan to Greek partisans. He returned to Nottingham, then moved a year later to York, where in September 1828 he married Philippa Brooksbank (1785-1868), daughter of a rich landowner. This allowed Pecchio to leave teaching and the couple moved to Brighton. He wrote Semi-serious Observations of an Italian Exile, during his residence in England (London: Effingham Wilson, 1833 and Philadelphia: Key & Riddle, 1833)1. His wife lived on in their home with Madame Negri until c1856 but then returned to the family home in Yorkshire. 50 Lewes Crescent [residence 1828-1835]

1Available online
PEEL, Laurence
1801-1888
Laurence PeelSixth son of Sir Robert Peel 1st bt, whose eldest brother was twice prime minister. He married Jane Lennox, daughter of the 4th Duke of Richmond. Conservative MP for Cockermouth 1827-1830, after which he and his wife devoted themselves to charitable and religious causes. 32 Lewes Crescent [residence 1846]
PELHAM, Walter John 4th Earl of Chichester
1838-1802
Walter PelhamEldest son of Henry Pelham, 3rd Earl of Chichester. MP for Lewes 1865-1874. President of Brighton College in succession to his father. He died at Stanmer House and is buried in Stanmer churchyard.
Image: National Portrait Gallery
Pelham Square
PENNANT, Lady Emma (née Brudenell)
1804-1846
Lady Emma PennantDaughter of the 6th Earl of Cardigan and younger sister of the 7th Earl, who led the Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava. She was the widow of David Pennant whom she married in 1827. Pennant Lodge was built for her. A poem on her death was written by Julia Tilt.
Portrait by William Egley (1829)
Pennant Lodge, Queen's Park (West Drive) [residence ante1845-1846; probable deathplace]
PEPYS, Sir Lucas, 1st bt
1742-1830
Sir Lucas PepysPhysician, the son of banker William Pepys and Hannah Russell, daughter of Dr Richard Russell. In 1777 he was appointed physician-extraordinary to George III, whom he attended during the king's periods of madness, physician-in-ordinary in 1792. He was physician-general to the army from 1794. He practised in Brighton during the summer and in Grosvenor Square, London the rest of the year. He was related to the diarist Samuel Pepys and in 1772 married, as her second husband, Jane Elizabeth Leslie, who succeeded as 12th Countess of Rothes the following year.
Portrait by Henry Edridge, engraved by James Godby
PERCY, Dorothy and Philadelphia
Daughters of the Duke of Northumberland. Percy and Wagner Almshouses, Lewes Road
PERTWEE, William Desmond Anthony (Bill) 1926-2013
Comedy actor, particularly known for Beyond Our Ken, Round the Horne and Dad's Army. In his change of address notice in The Stage (2 February 1961) he called himself the Laird of West Sussex and the house Pertwee Towers 17 Hove Park Villas
PFENNINGER, Otto
1855-1929
Otto PfenningerOne of a group of experimenters in colour photography in Brighton in the early years of the 20th century. He was born in Switzerland and married an Englishwoman, Sophia Loose, in Horsham in 1883, but the couple returned to St Gallen in Switzerland. The Pfenningers and their two children came back to England in the mid 1890s when he took over the photographic business of Lombardi & Co in West Street, Brighton, retaining the name but adding his own identification as ‘O P Suisse’.
      He experimented with tri-colour photography (red, green and blue components) at a time when others limited themselves to two-colour (red and green) systems. In 1904 he showed three trichromatic prints and three lantern slides ‘produced by Dr Jumeaux’ process’ at the Royal Photographic Society annual exhibition. ‘The negatives were taken simultaneously by Capt Lascelles Davidson’s method in which only a red screen is employed’ (catalogue description). He took a number of colour photographs in the summer of 1906 but appears to have sold or otherwise given up the West Street business that same year.
      Under the pseudonym O Reg he collected a set of 36 articles on the subject that was published in book form in 1921 with the title Byepaths of Colour Photography. The British Journal of Photography asked why it was written under such a thin disguise and noted the ‘strain of sarcasm and bitterness which characterises many passages’. His work continues to be exhibited among the first rank of photographers (most recently at Tate Britain in 2007).
79 West Street [studio, residence c1894-1903]
105 Hythe Road [residence 1905-1914]
PHILIPS, Henry
c1779-1840
Leading botanist and horticulturist in the early 19th century. Born in Henfield, his early career was in banking and education. He proposed a giant botanical glasshouse structure, the Anthaeum, that was constructed at the northern end of A H Wilds' Oriental Place. The building collapsed when the scaffolding was removed on completion. Philips was subseuqently imprisoned at Horsham for 'pecuniary difficulties'. He also collaborated with Wilds on the design of The Level. The Level
• Brunswick Square [residence 1823- ]
• Regent Place [residence]
• 26 Russell Square [residence and deathplace]
PIPER, Major-General Robert Sloper RE
1790-1873
Born on Colyton, Devon. Served in the Peninsula wars 1810-1814 and was in the Army of Occupation after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815-1816; repaired bridges in Paris. He retired on full pay in 1848. Died in Brighton and is buried in the Parochial Cemetery. His son, Robert William Piper (1825-1873) married Mary Ann Vallance and also died in Brighton. 12 Cavendish Place
7 New Steine [deathplace]
PITT, Thomas, 1st Baron Camelford
1737-1793
Cornish-born nephew of William Pitt the Elder and therefore cousin of William Pitt the Younger, both prime ministers. MP for the rotten borough of Old Sarum, Lord of the Admiralty in George Grenville's government, raised to the peerage in 1784. Grenville's son, William Wyndham Grenville, married Pitt's daughter Anne. CamelfordS treet
POPHAM, James Kidwell
1847-1937
J K PophamPastor of the Galeed Chapel, Brighton for 55 years. The road that may have been named after him when planned was called Tongdean Road. Popham Road, Tongdean
POUNE, Stephen
-1803
Brighton builder, master carpenter and timber merchant, property owner, churchwarden at the parish church, member of The Twelve, Constable of Brighthelmston in 1768. Poune's Court
14 Russell Street, 60,61,62 West Street [properties, possibly including residence 1799-1800]
POWELL, Margaret
Margaret PowellBecame famous after publishing her memoir Below Stairs (1968). She began as a kitchen maid in 1922, earning £24 a year. 8 Adelaide Crescent
222 Old Shoreham Road.
PRENDERGAST, General Sir Jeffrey
1769-1856
Auditor-General of the Madras Army. 10 Brunswick Square
     
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Page updated 31 July 2021