People

 

Brighton and Hove people: S

     
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S   associated with [*plaque]
SACKVILLE family Landowners. There were prominent Sackville families at Chiddingly and Seddlescombe in Elizabethan times.
      Sir Thomas Sackville of Withyam, Sussex, was made Earl of Dorset by James I/VI in 1604.
      Lionel Sackville (1688-1765), the 7th Earl, was elevated to become 1st Duke of Dorset in 1720. The family owned extensive lands throughout Sussex and were Lords of the Manor of Hove until 1967.
40 Sussex Square [residence]
Dorset Buildings
Dorset Gardens
Dorset Street
New Dorset Street
Dorset Court, Carlisle Road
Hangleton Manor
Dyke Road Drive
SALOMONS, Philip
1796-1867
Financier, built a private synagogue on the top floor of his house in Brunswick Terrace. 26 Brunswick Terrace
SAMUEL, Israel
1738-1806
Silversmith, toyman, jewellery/precious metals making. Reputedly Brighton's first Jewish resident. As he was said to have been born in Brighton, the son of a Prussian immigrant who died in Brighton in 1760, this may not be accurate—perhaps first Brighton-born? 22 East Street* [residence nearby 1776-1806]
SASSOON family
A prominent Brighton Jewish family.
      David Sassoon (1792-1864), a trader (David Sassoon & Co, based in Mumbai/Bombay) in cotton and opium from China; Treasurer of Baghdad, where he was born, 1817-1829. He died in Poona.
      Sir Albert Abdullah David Sassoon CSI, KCB 1st bt, (1818-1896), son of David Sassoon, born in Baghdad. Banker; he became head of his father's company in 1864. Member of the Legislative Council of Bombay 1868-1872. He married Aline Caroline de Rothschild (1867-1909) in 1887. He died in Brighton.
      Sassoon David Sassoon (1832-1867), son of David Sassoon. He joined the firm to run the Chinese mercantile operations. He moved to London and opened a bank in Leadenhall Sreet. In 1850 he married Fahra (Flora) Reuben of Mumbai, who lived in Hove in widowhood. Their son Alfred Ezra was disinherited for marrying a gentile; he was the father of Siegfried Sassoon, the writer and poet. Their daughter Rachel became the first female editor of a UK national newspaper in 1891 at The Observer, owned by the family of her gentile husband, Frederick Beer, and in 1893 she bought The Sunday Times. She was buried in the Sassoon Mausoleum.
      Reuben David Sassoon MVO (1835-1905), son of David Sassoon and worked for his father's company. He lived at 7 Queens Gardens, Hove.
      Arthur Abraham David Sassoon (1840-1912), son of David Sassoon.
David Sassoon and sons       Sir (Albert) Edward Sassoon CSI, 2nd bt (1856-1912), son of Sir Albert, born in Bombay/Mumbai. He left £758,853 16s 2d.
      Edward Elias Sassoon 2nd Bt (1853-1924). Merchant.
      David R Sassoon, son of Reuben.
Image: David Sassoon and his sons, Reuben, Arthur and Sassoon
1 Eastern Terrace [residence of Sir Albert and son Edward with 12 servants in 1881]
3 Third Avenue [residence of Edward Elias 1881]
7 Queen's Gardens, Hove [residence of Reuben 1881-1905, then David R 1905-1930]
12 Queen's Gardens, Hove [residence of Edward Elias 1901]
37 Adelaide Crescent [residence of Flora, widow of Sassoon]
Sassoon Mausoleum, Paston Place
SCOTT family Four generations of local artists. The family archive was left to Hove Museum in the will of Amy Scott.
      Edmund Scott (1758-1815). Engraver and draughtsman, 19 of whose portraits are in the National Portrait Gallery. His portrait of George, Prince of Wales, as Grand Master of Freemasons (1800) is in the Brighton and Hove Museums and Art Galleries collection. Appointed portrait engraver to the Prince of Wales in 1811.
      William Henry Stothard Scott (1782-1850). Son of Edmund. Lived at 2 Bond Street (1824), 45 Ship Street (1832), 23 Cannon Place (1840-50). Landscape painter. His view of Brighton (1817) is in the Paul Mellon Collection at the Yale Center for British Art. Died and interred in Brighton.
      Emily Scott (1798-1883). Daughter of Edmund. Portrait painter. Born in Brighton, lived at 45 Ship Street (1832), 23 Cannon Place (1840-59), 41 Russell Square (later renumbered as 31) (1861-1883, where she died). Left £2,960 15s 11d.
      Charles James Scott (1804-??). Son of Edmund, father of Edmund Evan. Drawing master at 35 West Street (1832).
      John Henderson Scott (1828-1886). Landscape painter, watercolour artist. Lived at 23 Cannon Place (1828-51), 14 Clarence Square (1854), 59 Brunswick Road (1856-86, where he died). Left £1,939 17s 11d.
      Edmund Evan Scott (1828-). See under Architects.
      Mary Fores Scott (1853-19??). Daughter of John H Scott. Professor of drawing. Lived at 59 Brunswick Road (1856-81), 9 Montpelier Street (1901), 8 Pavilion Parade (1911).
Amy Scott      Amy Scott (1860-1950). Daughter of John H Scott. Lived at 59 Brunswick Road (1860-81), 1 Sillwood Terrace (1890), 42 Temple Street (1901), 50 Buckingham Road (1911). 14 Preston Street, 36 Norton Road (-1950). Died at 10 Eaton Gardens, left £2,911 2s 3d. One of her oils is in the Brighton and Hove Museums and Art Galleries collection, as it her portrait by Harry Mileham [right].
SCRASE family Landowning Quaker family, particularly associated with Hangleton and Blatchington.Family members were persecuted for their faith and repeatedly imprisoned1. The family remained at West Blatchington until c1882, for the last 50 years as the family of a Scrase granddaughter, a Mrs Hodson.
      Richard Scrase (d.1549) held the prior's estate at Blatchington in 1534. The lease of the manor was inherited by
      Edward Scrase (d.1576), his son, and then by
      Richard Scrase (d.1625), a minor, who had to recover the manor from the overseer of his father's will, on attaining his majority.
      Tuppen Scrase (1583-1633), his son, graduate of Magdalen Hall, Oxford aged 15, lawyer; succeeded by
      Henry Scrase (d.1641), his younger brother (despite Tuppen having sons), whose widow Joan remained in residence at West Blatchington with her sons, one of whom was
      Walter Scrase, father of
      Richard Scrase (1655-)
      Elizabeth Scrase (1680-), Richard's daughter and heir to the manor of Hove Villa et Ecclesia, married Nathaniel Tredcroft in 1702.
1Saltzman (1940)
SEDGWICK, Amy
1835-1897
Actress, born in Bristol, known for her comedic roles. Her first and second husbands, Dr William B Parkes and Charles Pemberton, died in 1863 and 1875 after respectively five years and two years, during which periods she retired from the stage and lived in Hove. After her third marriage to Charles Goostry in 1878, she retired permanently but continued to give occasional performances for charity and was listed as a professor of elocution. She died at Haywards Heath. A bust in her memory was unveiled at the Royal Pavilion by Sir Henry Irving in 1900. 1 Western Place [residence 1880-93]
SHAKESPEARE, Percy
1906-1943
Artist who, after enrolling in the Royal Navy, was stationed at Roedean, then a naval base. He was killed by a German bomber while walking alone in the seafront opposite Marine Gate. • Roedean
SHEE, Sir Martin Archer PRA, FRS
1769-1850
Sir Martin Archer SheeIrish portrait painter, elected president of the Royal Academy in succession to Sir Thomas Lawrence in 1830 and knighted the same year. He was buried in the Western Extension of St Nicholas Churchyard, his headstone now being laid flat near the perimeter.
Image: self-portrait/td>
2 Pavilion Colonnade [residence 1845-1850, deathplace]
SHERLEY family Local family. See Shirley family.
SHERMAN, Ben
1925-1987
In 1962, Alfred Sugarman, having changed his name to Ben Sherman, returned from the US to his birth town (where his mother, Bessie, had a confectionary shop) and opened a shirt factory here. The brand achieved international fame during the 1970s. 21 Bedford Square
SHIRLEY family Land-owning family.
      Thomas Shirley (1599-1654) bought the lease of the Preston manorial estateand the manor Withdean, from the Crown in 1628, married Elizabeth Stapley. Their eldest of five sons and six daughters—
      Sir Anthony Shirley 1st bart (1624-1683) was MP for Arundel (1654 with Anthony and John Stapley), for Sussex (1656 with John Stapley) and Steyning (1659). He was created a baronet by Charles II in 1666. He married Anne Onslow and their only son—
      Richard Shirley (d.1692) inherited but his eldest son, Anthony Shirley (1683-1694) died young, passing the succession to Richard's other son, also called
      Richard Shirley (1685-1705), who died unmarried, so the baronetcy was extinguished and the property inherited by Richard's three sisters, Anne (1677-1712), Judith and
      Mary Shirley (1692-1747) who married Thomas Western and they gained the sole ownership of the Preston manorial estate on Anne's death in 1712.
COMMEMORATED BY
Shirley Drive
SHUTE, General Sir Charles Cameron KCB CB (1816-1904)
MP for Brighton from 1874 to 1880. He is buried in Brighton Extra-mural Cemetery1.
1Obituary, The Times, 1 May 1904
12 Brunswick Place
SLIGHT, Lewis
1790-1869
Born Alford, Lincolnshire. Clerk to the Brighton Commissioners, resigning in 1853 to be replaced by his son, Lewis Slight Jr (d.1863), who, after the town's incorporation in 1854became the borough accountant. He negotiated the purchase of the Pavilion against opposition, removing the names of dissenting commissioners before he signed the contract himself. 34 West Street [residence and permises 1839]
42 Ship Street [residence and premises, 1842]
St Alban's Villa, 15 Vine Place [residence 1851-52]
165 Victoria Road [residence]
Upper Brunswick Place [residence at the time of his death]
SMITH, Sir Charles Aubrey
1863-1948
A first-class cricketer, who played for Sussex and captained England against South Africa in the only test match in which he played. He spent most of his acting career in Hollywood and was knighted for services to promoting Anglo-American relations during the Second World War. 27 Selbourne Road
19 Albany Villas.
SMITH, Major-General Sir Charles Holleld
Military commandant of Victoria, Australia until 1899. 11 Albany Villas
SMITH, George Albert
1864-1959
Came to Brighton as a boy with his widowed mother, who took over a boarding house in Grand Parade. In his teens he developed and performed a stage hypnotism act and in 1882 formed a partnership with a local journalist, Douglas Blackburn, to work a telepathy act. This attracted the attention of the newly-formed Society for Psychical Research (SP), whose members, including Edmund Gurney and William Fletcher Barrett, tested Smith’s ability as a ‘sensitive’ to thought-transference. They sought evidence of his ability to receive thoughts from Blackburn while blindfolded, his ears plugged with putty, a bolster case and a blanket over his head. Blackburn was shown drawings made by members of the Thought-Transference Committee, then entered the room and stood behind Smith, who made remarkably similar ‘reproductions’ of the original drawings1.
      The SPR’s committee was convinced and Smith became the private secretary to Edmund Gurney, the SPR’s honorary secretary. Gurney died in mysterious circumstances of a chloroform overdose in a bedroom at the Royal Albion Hotel, Brighton in June 1888. Although the coroner returned a verdict of accidental death, there has been speculation ever since that Gurney was murdered. Even Smith has been named, without foundation, as a possible suspect because of a claim that Gurney had discovered his thought-transference experiments to have been faked. In 1908 Douglas Blackburn admitted the fraud: ‘The whole of these alleged experiments were bogus. They originated in the honest desire of two youths to show how easily men of scientific mind and training could be deceived when seeking for evidence in support of a theory they were wishing to establish.’ This is a telling statement in the light of Smith’s recognition of film’s ability to deceive the eye. Smith remained a member of the SPR throughout his life and never acknowledged the deception. In 1967 the BBC broadcast a television play, Edmund Gurney and the Brighton Mesmerist in its Theatre 625 strand, featuring Richard Todd as Edmund Gurney and Ray Brooks as Albert Smith.
      Around the time he left the employ of the SPR in 1888, Smith married Laura Eugenia Bayley in Ramsgate.They lived initially in Kent and briefly in London before moving to Hove. Here he leased of St Ann’s Well Gardens in 1894, which he developed as a pleasure ground with an assortment of attractions. A 50-foot hot air balloon ‘made its escape’ on 24 August 1894 and was later sighted over London. The pump house that was used to dispense mineral waters later became the home of his ‘film factory’.
      He also gave optical lantern shows (‘dioramic lectures’) at such locations as Brighton Aquarium and Hastings Pier. By late 1896 he was concluding his performances with ‘animated photographs of real life’, including ‘Moving local pictures at each representation’. He acquired a film camera from Alfred Darling in late 1896/early 1897; his surviving cashbook2 shows that he paid £16 for a ‘taker’ (meaning a camera) on 6 January 1897. in the first year he shot 35 films, including coverage of Queen Victoria’s diamond Jubilee procession. More importantly, he started to shoot comic sketches using techniques that developed film’s unique qualities: the jump cut and running film backwards. in 1898 he used double exposure to add a vignette of a flashback or dream in The Corsican Brothers (possibly the first ever film adaptation from a literary source) and of parallel action in Santa Claus. The Kiss in the Tunnel (1899) developed editing technique by interpolating a scene inside a railway carriage into a ‘phantom ride’ film shot from the front of a train. A cutaway from an establishing shot to a close-up is a feature of As Seen Through a Telescope and is used several times in Grandma’s Reading Glass (both 1900).
      In parallel with his own filming activity he ran a film processing and printing business from 1898, servicing various clients including John Benett-Stanford, as well as Warwick Trading Company, run by Charles Urban, with whom his work became increasingly associated. Backed by Warwick, Smith built a small glasshouse studio in 1900 in the gardens and signed a two-year exclusive distribution contract with Warwick, under which he became the manager of its ‘Brighton Studio & Film Works’.
      His films were also doing well in the USA: Vitagraph offered 29 of his titles by 1900. The peak of his inventiveness was probably Mary Jane’s Mishap, or Don’t Fool with the Paraffin (1903), which displays an impressive array of editing devices and effects. However, this also proved to be something of a swansong, for in 1903 Urban persuaded Smith to take on a project to develop colour film. Urban had backed work already done by Edward R Turner, who had taken out a patent in 1899 but died suddenly in 1902, leaving the project unfinished. Urban bought the patent rights. Smith passed on the lease on St Ann’s Well Gardens and moved to ‘laboratory lodge’, his new home in Roman Crescent, Southwick.
      Smith filed a patent application on 24 November 1906 for ‘improvements in & relating to Kinematograph Apparatus for the Production of Coloured Pictures'. Patent no 26,271 was granted in July 1907. However, it was not until 1 May 1908 that demonstrations of what became known as Kinemacolor were given. On 9 December Smith gave a lecture to the Royal Society of Arts on ‘Animated photographs in natural colours’, as a result of which he was awarded the society’s Silver Medal. The first commercial film made in Kinemacolor was, appropriately, Smith’s A Visit to the Seaside, shot in Brighton, which was trade-shown in September 1908. He sold his patent rights in March 1909 to Ada Jones, Urban’s future second wife, for £5,000 and, with a five-year contract as a consultant to Urban’s newly-formed Natural Colour Kinematograph Company (with a fee of £500 a year as a ‘technical advisor’), started to turn out large numbers of Kinemacolor films: over 40 that year, 35 in 1910 and as many as 83 in 1911. He travelled widely to make these films.
      Smith and Urban attended the New York launch of Kinemacolor in December 1909 together but soon fell out, Urban believing that Smith had given valuable information about the colour system to William Friese Greene, Smith thinking Urban had paid him far too little for developing the system. They were reconciled only when Urban moved to Brighton in 1938.
      After Southwick, Smith lived in the Seven Dials area of Hove. They had a son and a daughter. Harold Norman Smith (1889-1975) was a ‘kinematographer in natural colours’ in the 1911 census. Laura died in October 1938. The following summer Smith remarried, to Edith Kate Harman.
      After years of relative obscurity, the importance of his contribution to the cinema was recognised in the late 1940s. He was made a Fellow of the British Film Academy (now BAFTA) in 1955 and was an honoured guest at the opening of the National Film Theatre in 1957.
St Ann's Well Gardens, Somerhill Road* [workplace, residence 1894-1903]
Caburn House, 13 Caburn Road [residence 1911-1912]
7 Melville Road [residence 1915-1940]
18 Chanctonbury Road* [residence 1940-1959]

1Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research (24 April 1883)
2Preserved in the National Film Archive
SMITH, Horace
1779-1849
Novelist, poet and stockbroker, a friend of P B Shelley, who coined the phrases 'old ocean's bauble' and 'queen of watering places' to describe Brighton, lived in Cavendish Place from 1840 until his death. His grandson was J H Round. 12 Cavendish Place* [residence}
10 Hanover Crescent [residence]
SMITH, Lieut-General James Webber
1779-1853
An officer in the Napoleonic wars, including the Battle of Waterloo, and great-grandfather of the actor David Niven. He lived in Brunswick Square from 1848 until his death. 11 Brunswick Square
SMITHERS family Several generations of the family were notable.
      Henry Smithers (1694-1769), married Mary Heeves (1708-1785), died at Smithers, New South Wales but buried at St Peter's Church, Preston.
      Bartholomew Smithers (1742-1791), eldest son of Henry, buried at St Peter's Church, Preston.
      Bartholomew Smithers II (1770-1833), elder son of Bartholomew.(
      William Heaves Smithers (1781-1852), younger son of Bartholomewborn in Preston, founder/publisher of The Brighton Patriot.
      Henry Smithers, brewer, living in North Street (1841-42), member of the Royal Clarence masonic lodge (1850).
      Bartholomew Smithers III (1811-1856), brewer.
      Waylon Joseph Smithers Jr is a character in The Simpsons—no relation as far as is known.
• 143 North Street [Brighton Patriot office]
SOLOMON, Henry
He was inspector of the post horse duty (1822), prior to becoming the first chief constable of the Brighton police force. He was struck with a poker from the fireplace in his office at police headquarters in the Town Hall on 13 March 1844 by a prisoner, John Lawrence, and died the following day. 9 Charles Street [residence 1822]
Brighton Town Hall (police station), Bartholomews
SOMERSET, Rt Hon General Lord Charles Henry PC
1767-1831
Soldier, politician and colonial governor. Second son of 3rd Duke of Beaufort. Married Hon Elizabeth Courtenay, daughter of 2nd Viscount Courtenay, in 1788. Colonel of the 33rd Regiment among other military appointments. MP for Scarborough and then Monmouth Boroughs 1796-1816. Comptroller of the King's Household 1797-1804. Governor of the Cape of Good Hope 1813-1827, where his wife died in 1815 (not 1816 as the plaque in St Andrew's Church states). He married Mary Poulett, daughter of 4th Earl Poulette in 1821. He died at the Bedford Hotel, Brighton1. Commemorative plaque in St Andrew's Church, Waterloo Street
SPENCER, Herbert
1820-1903
Polymath: philosopher, sociologist, anthropologist. Coined the phrase 'survival of the fittest', which he applied more widely than Darwin's theories about heredity to include social activity. His views tended towards 'conservative anarchism'. He was probably the only philosopher to sell over a million copies of his works during his lifetime. 5 Percival Terrace* [residence c1898-1903, deathplace]
STANFORD family Richard Stanford (1711-1769) was the tenant of manor farm at Preston by 1758. Son of the farmer at Exceat farm, West Dean, which he also farmed and where was born and died, he married Mary Ockenden (1735-1805) at Preston in 1762. Their son
      William Stanford (1764-1841) married Elizabeth Avery (1765-1791) in 1789 but their two children died in infancy, followed by their mother. He bought the manor of Preston Manor from Charles Collis Western for £17,600 in 1794. He married Mary Tourle (1780-1846) in 1802 and had five more children. He was High Sheriff in 1808 and a magistrate. His initials are inscribed in a wall in the basement of Preston Manor. There is a window at St Peter's Church, Preston to his memory and that of
      William Stanford (1809-1853), his elder son, who married Eleanor Montagu Morris (1824-1903) and had two children, a son who died in infancy and
      Ellen Stanford (1848-1932) was heiress to the Preston manorial estate. She was born at Preston Manor and educated by a governess at Miss Mary Russell's house in Montpelier Road (as a boarder in 1861). Her ashes are interred at St Peter's Church, Preston, where there is a memorial plaque in the church. She left £246,492 (limited to settled land). She first married Vere Fane Benett, who took the surname Benett-Stanford and whose family seat was at West Tisbury, Wiltshire, where they lived. They had two children, including a son, John Montagu Benett-Stanford.
      Sir Charles Geisler Thomas-Stanford (1858-1932) was Ellen's second husband,
Stanford Avenue
Norton Road
Semley Road
STAPLEY family Anthony Stapley (1590-1655) was born at Framfield but the family moved to Patcham c.1615. He was MP for New Shoreham in 1624 and 1625 and later for Lewes and the county of Sussex, which he represented in the Long Parliament of 1640. In January 1649 he was one of the signatories of Charles I's death warrant. He was again Sussex MP in the Barebones Parliament of 1653 and the First Protectorate Parliament in 1654. He is buried at Patcham.
      Following his death his family acquired more land, including the 250-acre Wick Farm in 1573, which was sold on in 1701.
      Sir John Stapley 1st baronet of Patcham (1628-1701), second but eldest surving son of Sir Anthony, was MP for Sussex (1654, 1656 with Anthony Shirley) and Deputy Lieutenant for Sussex (1656). In 1657 he became a Royalist and was involved with his younger brother Anthony in the Sealed Knot plot to return Charles II to the throne. Elected MP for Lewes (1660, 1661).
Wick Estate
STENBOCK, Count Eric (Magnus Andreasa HArry Stanislaus)
1860-1895
A decadent writer and poet, the son of Lucy Sophia Frerichs, heiress to an Estonian-born Manchester cotton industrialist. His widowed mother married Sir Francis Mowatt and lived at Withdeane Hall, his stepfather's home. There is an apochryphal story that he died in a fall while attempting to strike someone with a poker on the day Oscar Wilde's first trial began in London; however, the cause of death is given as cirrhosis of the liver. Stenbock is buried in Brighton's Extra-Mural Cemetery. It is said that his heart was taken in an urn to his family's home church at Kusal, Estonia. He was described by W B Yeats as 'scholar, connoiseur, drunkard, poet, pervert, most charming of men'. Withdeane Hall, The Approach

 

STONEHAM, William
Owned land in Aldrington.
  Stoneham Road
STRINGER, Alderman Dorothy Elsie OBE
1893-1977
Dorothy StringerDaughter of an alderman, who was an undertaker, and a mother who was a member of the Board of Guardians. Elected an independent councillor in 1925, joined the Education Committee and never missed a meeting in 50 years. Later stood as a Conservative. Mayor of Brighton in 1952; made a Freeman of the Borough of Brighton in 1968. 17 Rose Hill Terrace [childhood residence 1893-1911]
17 Wellington Road [residence 1911]
166 Dyke Road [residence before 1947-after 1951]
258 Dyke Road [residence before 1954-1977]

COMMEMORATED BY
Dorothy Stringer School, Loder Road
Stringer Way
STROUDLEY, William
1833-1889
Locomotive superintendent at the Brighton works of the London Brighton & South Coast Railway 1870-1889. As well as his railway work, he also designed a dust cart for Brighton Corporation1. Balnain House, 63 Dyke Road [residence 1872-1877]
Fairlight/Bosvigo, Preston Road [residence 1878-1889]

COMMEMORATED BY
Stroudley Road

1ESRO DB/D/46/332
STRUVE, Dr Frederick Adolph August
1781-1840
German pharmacist and balneologist who had the idea of simulating spa waters chemically. He founded the Royal German Spa at the southern end of Brighton Park (later Queen's Park) in June 1825, using water from an artesian well, which operated until 1886, then becoming the Hopper Struve mineral water plant until 1960. Other Struve spas were established at Berlin, Kiev, Königsberg, Leipzig, Moscow, St Petersburg and Warsaw. His Brighton spa exported 300,000 pint bottles a year. Queen's Park (Spa)
Princess Consort [Phra Chao] SUVADHANA of Siam
1906-1985
Born Krueakaew Abhalwongse, a commoner of Khmer descent, she took the name Suvadhana in 1924 after becoming a minor consort of King Vajiravudh (Rama VI), whom she married later that year. Her great aunt was the wife of King Norodom I of Cambodia. In 1938 she went into exile in England, living first in Camberley, Surrey and moving to Brighton around 1948 and remaining until c1954. 26 Lewes Crescent
     
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Page updated 13 June 2021