Streets of Brighton & Hove

 

     
Guide to streets
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M Census districts lists references
Mackie Avenue, Patcham Named by developer George Ferguson after a Scottish lowland clan. Part of the Ladies Mile Estate, named 27 April 1933 with supplementary numbering 16 August 19571.
      Patcham Clock Tower was built to promote the building development.
1ESRO/DB/D/27/30
McWilliam Road, Wick Estate, Woodingdean Numbered 29 April 19481. 1ESRO/DB/D/27/283
Madehurst Close (pron. Maddurst). Post war council development named after a Sussex village.
Madeira Drive

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
¶ Kemp Town conservation area.
Formerly known as Madeira Road. The sea wall was constructed 1830-1838. The road was laid out in the early 1870s. Sixteen lampposts east from Volks Railway station, erected c1893, and five more at the west end of the road are Grade II listed1, as are two K6 telephone kiosks to the east of the Palace Pier2. This is the goal of the London to Brighton Veteran Car Rally, run in November every year since 1896. The Brighton Speed Trials have been held here since 1905.
      Aquarium was designed by Eugenius Birch and built in 1869-1872, with extensions in 1874-1876. The exterior was rebuilt in 1927-1929 by David Edwards, the Brighton borough engineer. Two octagonal kiosks at the original entrance were moved at this time across to the entrance to the Palace Pier. The Aquarium, now the Sealife Centre, is Grade II listed3.
      Banjo Groyne, opposite Paston Place, is Grade II listed4, as is the groyne to the west of the Palace Pier5.
      The Colonnade beneath Max Miller Walk is Grade II listed6.
      †The Royal Suspension Chain Pier was a project undertaken by Captain Samuel Brown, built from October 1822 and opened on 25 November 1823 at a cost of £30,000. It extended 1,154 ft and was 13 ft wide and served as the embarkation point for cross-channel ferries. It was painted by John Constable soon after its opening. The toll-house was destroyed in a storm on 24 November 1824 and the pier itself was damaged in storms of 1833 and 1836 but repaired on both occasions. It was closed as unsafe on 9 October 1896 and destroyed completely in a storm on 4 December 1896. Pillars from the pier were used to support the verandah at Triangle Park Farm, Plumpton, owned by Mrs N Tamplin.7 A plaque on Max Miller Walk commemorates the pier.
      Madeira Lift up to Marine Parade and the shelter were opened on 24 May 1890. The lift closed in 2007 for a £250,000 renovation and re-opened in April 2009.
      Brighton Marine Palace and Pier was proposed for construction opposite New Steine by Edward Wilson on 20 November 1886 [the same date as a plan for a Brighton Central Pier—see King's Road] to replace the existing Chain Pier with a reconstructed sea-wall by the entrance8. Another similar plan was submitted by Wilson on 30 November 18879 before submitteding a first plan for the following in April 188810.
      Palace Pier was designed by R St George Moore and begun in 1891. A funding crisis caused a halt in construction, which was completed by Sir John Howard in 1901, with additions in 1906, 1910-11 and 1930 and further post-war restoration and alteration. The pier opened in May 1899. It is 1,650 feet long. The initials BMPP seen on kiosks stand for Brighton Marine Palace and Pier. The octagonal kiosks were moved from outside the Aquarium in 1927. The clock tower by W G Beaumont & Co and the current entrance was opened on 27 June 1930 by Horace W Aldrich, the mayor of Brighton; it replaced the three ironwork arches of the original entrance. It is Grade II* listed11.
      Volk's Railway opened in 1883 and now runs from the Aquarium to Black Rock.
      Arch 285 is the engineering works for Volk's Railway.
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7Sussex Express, 14 September 1923: 2f
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Madeira Place

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
      10 and its attached railings is Grade II listed1.
      18 has mathematical tiles; with its attached railings it is Grade II listed2.
See also 18 Marine Parade.
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Madeira Road Former name of Madeira Drive.
Madeira Terrace The name of Max Miller Walk from 1890 to 2009 (??).
Mafeking Road Commemorates a siege in 1899 1900 during the Boer War (cf, Kimberley Road, Ladysmith Road). Built c.1905.
Maldon Road G W Ashdown applied for planning approval from Brighton Borough Council for stables, to be designed/built by Loader & Long, on 16 June 18981. First planning application for a house, to be designed/built by Loader & Long, on 5 August 18982. House building mainly 1902-1906 (50 houses), others 1902 (2) and 1931 (2)3. Renumbered 20 July 19054. 1ESRO DB/D/7/4747
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Mallory Road Under construction 1926-1930. Numbered c1953.
      35 (Burlington) was the home of artist Harry R Mileham from 1929 until his death.
Pi1926
Malthouse Lane Commemorates the Phoenix Brewery which was on the site. (See also Tamplin Terrace.) It was built in the early 2000s.
Malvern Street, Hove 1881
Manchester Row
Manchester Street

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
Built progressively from the 1780s; six houses in 1795. Number of properties in 1822: 20.
      2. Eleanor Marx, daughter of Karl Marx, lodged here in 1873 when supporting herself as a teacher at a school run by the Misses Hall in Sussex Square.
      7-9 Star Inn is Grade II listed1.
      10 is late 18th century and faced with black mathematical tiles. Grade II listed2.
      19-20 were formerly part of the Arlington Hotel (see 8-9 Marine Parade).
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MANOR FARM ESTATE The farm was owned by the Hallett family. The land was acquired in 1934 from the Marquess of Bristol by the Brighton Corporation on which 436 houses were built in 1935-1936 to accommodate families from slum clearance in the town centre.
Manor Gardens, Whitehawk Extension named 23 December 1969 and supplementary numbering1. 1ESRO DB/D/27/56
Manor Green, Whitehawk Numbered 10 January 1939. 1ESRO DB/D/27/283
Manor Road       St Benedict, Convent of Our Lady of Grace and Compassion.
Manor Road, Portslade

¶ Portslade conservation area (Portslade Manor, Manor Cottage, St Nicolas Church and Vicarage, sheds and outbuildings on south side).
      Remains of medieval manor house about 150m west of St Mary's Convent date from the 12th century, modified in the 16th century but later falling into decay and being used as a rubbish tip. Materials from the house were used in adjacent building. Now overgrown, this is a scheduled Ancient Monument and Grade II* listed1.
      St Mary's Convent, originally medieval, with the south and west boundary walls and the ruin with grotto adjoining the west front is Grade II listed1.
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Manor Way, Whitehawk Numbering and renumbering 23 December 19691. 1ESRO DB/D/27/283
Manton Road, Bevendean Named 14 December 19331. 1ESRO DB/D/27/21
Maple Close, Woodingdean Numbered 5 September 19571. 1ESRO DB/D/27/351
Maple Gardens, Hove One of a group of adjacent roads with apparently random tree names (Acacia, Elm, Laburnum, Rowan).
Maresfield Road, Kemp Town Part of Manor Farm development.
      119 is where seven-year-old Maria Colwell was beaten to death by stepfather William Kepple on 6-7 January 1973, the murder leading to the first ever public inquiry into child battering, held at Crown Street, which in turn eventually prompted the passing of the Children Act 1975 after a 'Maria Day' rally in Trafalgar Square, London on 2 November 1974.
Margaret Street

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
Built after 1776; 12 houses built by 1795. Number of properties in 1822: 31.
      7 was the home of John William Holloway, perpetrator of the first Brighton trunk murder in 1831 (see North Steine Row) and his bigamous wife Ann, who helped him dispose of the body. The severed head and limbs were deposited in the lavatory at this house.
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Marina
Marine Close, Saltdean Numbered 5 September 19571. Bungalows. 1ESRO DB/D/27/347
Marine Drive Replaced the old road to Rottingdean, the Newhaven Turnpike, for which a tollhouse was positioned at Roedean, but which has closed in 1897 because of coastal erosion. The wide new road was built between Black Rock and Rottingdean at a cost of £105,000 and opened on 22 July 1932 by the Minister of Transport, P J Pybus. Named 23 February 19331.
      St Dunstan's Rehabilitation Centre and Hospital for the Blind was built at Ovingdean Gap in October 1938. During the Second World War it was requisitioned by HMS Vernon at nearby Roedean School.
      Marine Gate is a block of 105 flats designed by Maurice Bloom and built in 1937-1939.
1ESRO DB/D/27/31
Marine Drive, Rottingdean The concrete blocks that supported the rails for Magnus Volk's See-going Railway (nicknamed Daddy Long-Legs) can be seen along the shore below the cliffs. Numbered from Nevill Road to Cranleigh Avenue 3 December 19531.
      White Horse Hotel was built in the 1930s on the site of an 18th century (or earlier) inn called the King of Prussia.
      6 was the Brighton home around 1905 of journalist and politician T P (Thomas Power) O'Connor MP (1848-1929). He moved here from 64 Lansdowne Place, Hove.
      17 Poet's House was the home of poet Sir William Watson (1858-1935). Plaque.
1ESRO DB/D/27/318
Marine Drive, Saltdean       157 was designed by Lap Chan of Morgan Carn Architects in 2004.
      The Dome was designed by a sea captain c1928. Now served by a slip-road off Marine Drive, it was originally accessed by a tunnel behind the door still seen in the flint-cobble wall below.
 
Marine Gardens

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
Effectively 'back Charlotte Street' as it was originally the service street, previously known as Union Street.
      14 was the first home in Brighton of the actress Dame Flora Robson (1902-1984). Cinema 100 plaque.
Marine Parade

¶ East Cliff conservation area (north side: 3-165; south side: Sea Life Centre, Madeira Lift, shelters).
¶ Valley Gardens conservation area (1-2).

(A259) The sea wall was built 1830-1838, making it possible to construct a promenade, actually started in 1827, from Old Steine to the town's eastern boundary. Officially the road was renamed Marine Parade King's Cliff in 1908 after Edward VII's convalescence at 1 Lewes Crescent. The railings along the entire length (probably dated 1880 but indistinct)1 and two K6 telephone kiosks opposite Burlington Place are Grade II listed2, as are the shelters opposite Lower Rock Gardens, Eaton Place and Marine Square (c1883-87)3 and 28 lampposts4.
      7 was designed by Wilds and Busby.
      8 was part of the Arlington Hotel (later The Hungry Years, currently the Charles Street Bar and Envy Club) .
      9 was once the Marine Library and became part of the Arlington Hotel (later The Hungry Years, currently the Charles Street Bar and Envy Club). It was sold in January 1897 for £1,800,342.
      12 was designed by Wilds and Busby c1825, with an additional top storey. Converted 1985.
      13-14 The Marine Hotel/House is Grade II listed4.
      Pillar box near Broad Street has VR royal cipher.
      17 and its railings are Grade II listed5.
      18, designed by Wilds and Busby, was renamed Olivier House in honour of the actor who lived at Royal Crescent. Grade II listed with part of 20 Madeira Place6.
      26 has a balcony by Wilds and Busby.
      37-48 are Grade II listed5.
      37 and 41-45 were designed by Wilds and Busby.
      Rock House was
      48 Chain Pier House, designed by Wilds and Busby, was the home of Captain Samuel Brown (1774-1852). Brighton Corporation plaque reads: 'Sir Samuel Brown, Designer of Chain Pier, England's First Pleasure Pier, Live Here 1823'.
      50-55 and their attached railings are Grade II listed7.
      50-51 was designed by Wilds and Busby.
      53-55 were designed by Wilds and Busby, with an additional ground-floor projection.
      53 was the home of Captain Henry Hill (1812-1882), a town councillor and art collector, notably of Degas, who did much to develop Brighton's art gallery.
      57 was the location of the first photographic portrait studio in Brighton, opened there in November1841 by William Constable with the name The Photographic Institution of Brighton. With an exclusive licence to the daguerreotype process, Constable charged one guinea (£1.05) for a portrait in a morocco leather folder.
      58 is Grade II listed8.
      62-64 are Grade II listed9.
      64 was designed by Wilds and Busby.
      68-69 and 73-89 form a group with Royal Crescent. All Grade II listed10.
      70 Lanes Hotel is where Ivor Novello worked on his musical The Dancing Years in 1939.
      71 was the home of comedian Tommy Trinder (1909-1989).
      73-74 were designed by Wilds and Busby.
      78 was designed by Wilds and Busby.
      79, built for the Duke of Bedford in the 1820s, was subsequently the home of painter Cecil D'Oyly John and later of Sir Terence Rattigan (1911-77), the latter commemorated by a Regency Society blue plaque.
      80-83, except for the balconies, were designed by Wilds and Busby.
      90 was used as a torpedo training base for WRNS during the Second World War.
      100-101, formerly the Royal Crescent Hotel, bears a plaque to mark the site of the home of George Canning (1770-1827), prime minister in 1827. Grade II listed11.
      102-104 were designed by Wilds and Busby, with later balconies. Grade II listed12.
      103 was the home of Alderman Sir Herbert Carden (1867-1941), philanthropist and mayor of Brighton 1916-1918. Brighton Corporation plaque.
      111-119, 122-133 and Marine Square form an important group.
      113-119 were designed c1825 by Wilds and Busby.
      117-118 formerly Clarges Hotel and the home of actress Dora Bryan¸ converted from terraced houses, are Grade II listed13. It featured in the films Carry On at Your Convenience and Carry On Girls. Sir TYhomas Clarges lived in nearby Marine Square. Plaque.
      122 Rokesley House and 123 Grosvenor House are Grade II listed14.
      124-140 are Grade II listed15.
      124-133 were designed by Wilds and Busby.
      127 Collingwood House was a residence of Robert Cooper Lee Bevan (1809-1890), whose principal home was at Trent Park in north London (now part of the University of Middlesex), which after his death was sold to Philip Sassoon, son of Sir Edward Sassoon (see Eastern Road).
      128 (High Cliff Lodge) was a home of Richard Bevan, brother of Robert Cooper Lee Bevan (see 127 above).
      129 was the home of Isabelle Marchioness of Sligo in the 1920s.
      137-141 were designed by Wilds and Busby.
      141-143 Bristol Court is Grade II listed16.
      141 was the home of William Henry Hallett, twice mayor of Brighton.
      143 was the Bristol Hotel and is now Bristol Court apartments but still includes the Bristol Bar. William Henry Hallett the brewer lived here as a young man.
      144-153 is Eastern Terrace.
      155-157 and 159-165 are Grade II listed.17
      160 was the home of Brighton comedian Max Miller from 1936 to 1946. A plaque was unveiled by Roy Hudd and Michael Aspel for the Max Miller Appreciation Society on 19 November 2006.
      163-165, built c1840, are Grade II listed18.
      The Madeira Lift. See Madeira Drive.

1The Builder, 23 July 1881
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Marine Square

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
Probably designed by Wilds & Busby. [28 houses.] The gardens were taken over by Brighton Corporation in 1884.
      2 was the residence of Sir Thomas Clarges, 4th bart.
      4-28 are Grade II listed.1
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Marine Street Former name of Wyndham Street. Number of properties in 1822: 30. Ba1822
Marine Terrace Mews

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
[10 houses (?)] 1861
Marine View . 1854
Market Lane East from the rear of the Friend's Meeting House.
Market Street

¶ Old Town conservation area.
The town's market hall, selling fresh produce, opened here in 1774. Number of properties in 1822: 14. Mostly pedestrianised in 1999. See also Brighton Place.
      1 The Market Inn was built as a pair of houses, later converted into an hotel and then, in the 20th century, a pub called the Three Chimneys (the owner was said to have been the Prince Regent's chimney sweep) then renamed the Golden Fleece Hotel. The name changed again to the Market Inn in 1990. Grade II listed1.
      3-4 date from the late 18th century and are faced with mathematical tiles. Grade II listed2.
      11 is late 18th/early 19th century, formerly a house, now a shop. Grade II listed3.
      17, on the corner with Bartholomews, was once the Pechell Arms, named after the Pechell family and most notably Major-General Sir Thomas Brooke-Pechell (1753-1826) and his sons, Rear-Admiral Sir Samuel Brooke Pechell Bt MP (1785-1849) and Rear-Admiral Sir George Brooke Pechell, Bt MP (1789-1860), who lived at Castle Goring and was MP for Brighton from 1835 to 1860. A mutilated statue of the latter's son that once stood in the Royal Pavilion is in the grounds at Stanmer Park. It is now an Italian restaurant.
      23 is faced with mathematical tiles and was extensively restored 1992. Grade II listed4.
      24 was damaged by fire 1992. Grade II listed5.
      41-41A, grouped with 24 Prince Albert Street, are Grade II listed6.
      44-46 The Pump House Tavern is Grade II listed7.
      47 was the town lock-up in the second half of the 19th century. Grade II listed8.
      48-48A are Grade II listed listed9.
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map c1824
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Marlborough Mews Built 1987.
Marlborough Place

¶ Valley Gardens conservation area.
The Duke of Marlborough had a house immediately north of the Royal Pavilion, roughly where the north gate (see Church Street) is now situated. Number of properties in 1822: 33.
      14-16 King and Queen pub replaced a farmhouse on the site and was licensed from 1779. It also housed the corn market until 30 September 1868, when the Corn Exchange opened in Church Street. It was the headquarters of the Edlin family's chain of local pubs when under their ownership. The current building is by Clayton & Black and dates from 1931-32. Grade II listed1.
      14 enfranchisement of copyhold of Brighton manor on 13 June 18671.
      15 enfranchisement of copyhold of Brighton manor on 27 October 18682.
      17-18 enfranchisement of copyhold of Brighton manor on 6 February 19073.
      20-22 were built 1933 to a design by John Leopold Denman for the Citizens Permanent Building Society. Grade II listed4.
      26 and attached wall are Grade II listed5.
      31-36 are Grade II listed6.
      Mazda Fountain was donated to the town by British Thomson-Houston in 1930. The controls are housed in a box opposite no 23/24.
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Marlborough Street

¶ Clifton Hill conservation area (10-20 and 25-30 consecutive).
Mostly built 1820s.
      18-19 was a builder's yard, then a motor engineering and/or car hire firm between the world wars (hence two double doors). From the end of 1930s until at least the mid 1970s it housed a wholesale gown/blouse manufacturer1, which may explain the distinctive windows.
Folthorp 1848
1Ke passim
Marlow Road, Black Rock Numbered 8 December 19321. 1ESRO DB/D/27/35
Marshall Way, Hove Created to provide access from Nevill Avenue to the Polyclinic and Martlets Hospice, which opened in 1997.
Marshall['s] Row Built in the 1830s by John Marshall. None of the original cottages survive, demolished by 1958. 1826
Martha Gunn Road, Bevendean Built 2005 (?) on the site of the former Bevendean Hospital. Martha Gunn (1726-1815), most famous of the 'dippers' (bathing machine operator), lived at 36 East Street and is buried in St Nicholas' churchyard.
Martin Road, Hove.
Martins Gardens 1826
Martyn's Close, Ovingdean Late 20th century housing, part of the Wanderdown development.
Matlock Road, Preston Naylor applied for Brighton Borough Council approval to build two houses on 20 October 18981. 1ESRO DB/D/7/4824
Max Miller Walk The promenade previously called Madeira Terrace, commemorating the comedian, who lived nearby (see 160 Marine Parade). The terrace was built under the terms of the Brighton Improvement Act 1884. It cost £29,000 and was designed by Philip Lockwood, the borough surveyor, and opened in two stages: east of Royal Crescent in 1890 and to the west in 1897. It is 25 feet wide and runs for 945 yards. A plaque beside the Madeira Lift (see Madeira Drive) commemorates the construction of the sea wall from Old Steine to Kemp Town by William Lambert in 1830-1838. Opposite the location of the Chain Pier (see Madeira Drive), another plaque commemorating the pier was unveiled on 5 September 2010 by Geoffrey Wells, the mayor of Brighton & Hove, a replica made by Rick Cousins at Cipher Solutions, Crowhurst of a lost original.
May Road Renumbered 26 March 19311. 1ESRO DB/D/27/162
Mayfield Close Renumbered 1 May 19471. 1ESRO DB/D/27/272
Mayfield Crescent, Patcham Renumbered 30 July 19361. 1ESRO DB/D/27/9
Mayo Road, Round Hill

¶ Round Hill conservation area.
Renumbered 20 April 18811. 1ESRO DB/D/27/179
May's Buildings Formerly part of 83 King's Road1. 1826-1851
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May's Court 1826
May's Mews 1826-1851.
Meadow Close, Hove Cul-de-sac housing development off Tongdean Road on the site of Lower Tongdean Farm. Image
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Meadow Close, Rottingdean Circuitous housing development off Falmer Road. Numbered 27 July 19541. Part of Court Ord Road renumbered as Meadow Close 23 April 19711. 1ESRO ACC8745/64
Meadow Parade, Rottingdean Small parade of shops set back from Falmer Road at the entrance to Meadow Close. Numbered June 19581. 1ESRO ACC8745/64
Meadow View, Bevendean
Medina, Hove 1881
Medina Esplanade Former name of King's Esplanade.
Medina Mews, Hove 1881
Medina Place, Hove

¶ Cliftonville conservation area.
      †8 was occupied by Mrs O'Shea 1883-89. The fire escape featured in divorce proceedings brought by her husband against Charles Stewart Parnell in 18901. The site is now occupied by Parnell Court flats. Plaque. Parnell and Mrs O'Shea moved to Walsingham Terrace. 1Judy Middleton: A History of Hove
Medina Terrace, Hove

¶ Cliftonville conservation area.
Part of Kingsway.
      2-8, built c1875, are Grade II listed1.
      2 deed dated September 1872 between W J Williams and Jabez Reynolds2.
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Medina Villas, Hove

¶ Cliftonville conservation area.
One of four streets with names from the Isle of Wight, newly favoured by Queen Victoria (see also Albany Villas, Osborne Villas and Ventnor Villas).
      The family of Rabindranath Tagore, the Indian poet and philosopher, owned a house here in the 1870s.
      5 was the home from the 1850s (?) of Commander Charles Codrington Forsyth RN (1810-1873), who served as Senior Mate on HMS Beagle before being promoted to officer rank,. In northern Canada Forsyth Bay and Forsyth Point on Prince of Wales Island are named after him.
      42-43 are semi-detached villas, probably designed by F D Banister c1852 in Jacobethan style. Grade II listed. Bannister, who designed much of northern Cliftonville, lived at 42.
1854
Medmerry Hill, Bevendean  
Meeting House Lane

¶ Old Town conservation area.
The Meeting House (now Elim Tabernacle—see Union Street) was built 1698 (enlarged 1820, partly rebuilt 1829) for a congregation formed in 1688 after the Act of Toleration. At the North Street end was a low wall ('rossel' wall) acting as a stile. The lane was also known as Poplar Row/Place. Number of properties in 1822: 58. Proposed numbering c18901.
      1-12 are Grade II listed2.
      22-32 are Grade II listed3.
      36-41 are Grade II listed4.
      43-53 are Grade II listed5.
• Friends' Meeting House, see Ship Street.
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Melbourne Street       28 was the birthplace of the writer A E (Alfred Edgar) Coppard (1878-1957)1. (See also 27 Gladstone Place.) 1ESRO DB/D/27/51
Melville Road, Hove Elliott applied for Brighton Borough Council approval for four houses, to be designed/built by Loader & Long, on 6 October 18981 and one more on 5 January 18992. Winn applied for approval for 10 houses on 6 October 18983 and submitted an amended plan for 10 houses, to be designed/built by Burstow, on 17 November 18984.
9 Melville Road       7 'Rosedene' was the home of film pioneer George Albert Smith from before the First World War until the late 1930s/early 1940s; his wife, Laura Bayley, died when they lived at this address.
      9 [right] was designed by Thomas Garrett and featured in Building News when it was built in 19021. [Click on image to enlarge in new window.]
1Building News, 1902-04-25
Merevale, Hollingdean Local authority housing set in sloping grassland.  
Merston Close, Woodingdean Numbered 1 March 19561 and 6 September 19562. 1Brighton Ratebook 1926
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Middle Lane, Preston Same as next?
      Police station. 1881.
1881
Middle Road, Preston

¶ Preston Village conservation area.
Renumbered 21 November 18891. 1ESRO DB/D/27/224
Middle Street, Brighton

¶ Old Town conservation area.
One of the original streets of the Old Town; 67 houses by 1776, another 13 added by 1795. Elementary school built 1807-08, extended 1875, which required the demolition of several cottages in Boyce's Street (?) and replaced by a new primary school early 1980s. Renumbered 15 June 18811.
¶ Old Town Conservation area.
      1 was the Ship in Distress inn, built in the 1790s. It was rebuilt in 1822 when King's Road was developed, and renamed the Sea House Hotel. William IV visited Viscountess Bronte, the widow of Admiral Nelson, when she was staying here in September 1830. It was again rebuilt without the hotel in the 1870s and closed in the early 1980s. It was bought by the University of Sussex and a new pub was included in the scheme as part of the site with 51-53 King's Road.
      7-8 was an entrance to the Grand Concert Hall (see 78 West Street).
      15 was the address of the High Constable in 17992.
      19 is Grade II listed3.
      20 may have included a workshop used briefly around 1905 William Friese Greene, commemorated in the misleading text on a Brighton County Borough plaque designed by Eric Gill. It included the laboratory of colour photography pioneers Captain W Lascelles Davidson and Dr Benjamin Jumeaux c1904-05. Grade II listed4.
      25 became the Brighton Dispensary and the 10-bed Sussex General Infirmary in 1819, moving here from Duke Street11.
      52-58 Hippodrome opened 1897 as a skating rink and converted into a circus in 1901 by Frank Matcham and again in 1902 by Matcham into a variey theatre for Tom Barrasford, whose northern music hall circuit (or 'tour') had expanded southwards. Soon after Barrasford's death at Hippodrome House on 1 February 1910—said to have been one of the largest funerals Brighton has ever seen—the theatre was taken over as part of the circuit run by Walter de Freece. The Beatles appeared here on 2 June 1963 supporting Roy Orbison and again at the top of the bill on 12 July and 25 October 1964. The theatre closed in December 1964 and became the Mecca Bingo Club in 1967, which closed on 8 August 2006. Grade II* listed5.
      60 is Grade II listed6.
      62 (old numbering) was a racket court in 1874.
      66 or 67 (previously 62) Middle Street Synagogue was designed by Thomas Lainson and built by Cheesman in 1874 for the Brighton Hebrew Congregation, which bought (then) 58-61 Middle Street (previously 59, 60, 61) from Richard Mallam Webb on 8 May 1874, copyhold of manor of Atlingworth7. Electric lighting was installed in 1892—probably the first British synagogue thus equipped8. Grade II listed with its gate9.
      74-76 are Grade II listed10.
      Victory Inn see Duke Street.
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Middle Street, Portslade 1881
Middle Street Cottages At 49 Middle Street. Five cottages. 1851
Middle Street Gap       Sea House Tap. 1851. 1851
Middle Street Lane Name of South Street in the late 18th century.Number of properties in 1822: 13. Ba1822
Midhurst Rise, Hollingbury One of several streets off Carden Avenue with local Sussex place names. Midhurst is a market town near Chichester. The roadway is constructed of concrete slabs laid by German prisoners-of-war.
Midhurst Walk, Hangleton One of a group of adjoining roads named after Sussex towns and villages.
Midway Road, Wick Estate, Woodingdean Numbered 29 April 19481. 1ESRO DB/D/27/283
Mighell Street

¶ Carlton Hill conservation area (33-35).
(prom Myall.) Formerly known as Richmond Road. Philip Mighell was a local landowner at the end of the 18th century. Mostly demolished to make way for Amex House in Edward Street, the European headquarters of American Express.
      34-35, a brick and flint former farmhouse divided into two houses. Grade II listed1.
      †Strict Baptist Chapel built here in 1878 was known as Mighell Street Hall. In 1921, the Virgo family, who were spiritualists, sold it to became a church of that denomination (see Edward Street). It was compulsorily purchased and demolished in 1961.
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Mile Oak, Portslade An oak tree outside a pub was said to be one mile from the centre of Portslade village. 1881
Mill Houses, Patcham 1881
Mill Path, Patcham Renamed as Highview 27 February 19361. 1ESRO DB/D/27/4
Mill Place Former name of Vine Place.
Mill Place East, Kemp Town Former name of Sudeley Place.
Mill Rise, Westdene Leads up to Patcham windmill. Named 5 April 19381. 1ESRO DB/D/27/40
Mill Road, Patcham Renamed thus 24 October 19351.
      Patcham Windmill (aka Waterhall Mill) was built February 1884-February 1885 for the Harris family by a local builder called Hubbard with machinery from J W Holloway & Son of Shoreham. It was converted for residential use in the 1960s2. Grade II listed3.
1ESRO DB/D/27/11
2Sussex Mills Group
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Mill Row is 10-13 West Hill Road.
Millers Road, Preston A windmill formerly known as West Mill, then Streeter's Mill, was moved to a site at the top of the road from Belle Vue Field (now Regency Square) by 36 yoke of oxen in 1797; it was known in 1866 as Trusler's Mill after its own James Trusler and was demolished in 1885 but by then had given its name to the road1, which extended south/south-west to Dyke Road until Highcroft Villas was laid out in the early 1880s. Renumbered 4 July 19072 and 19 July 19383.
      28, 30, 32, 34 are moderne sems.
1image
2ESRO DB/D/27/171
3ESRO DB/D/27/43
Millfield Cottages

¶ East Cliff conservation area.
Takes its name from the East Mill (later Taylor's Mill), which stood at the end of Sudeley Place, and comprises 13 cottages on the north side facing the backs of 41-57 St George's Road. 1851
Mills Terrace, Hove On the high road to Shoreham [Kingsway], about one-third of a mile west of Adelaide Crescent. By King's Gardens. Br1845–Pi1901
Millyard Crescent, Woodingdean Numbered 1 January 19541 and 6 September 19562. 1ESRO DB/D/27/317
2ESRO DB/D/27/339
Milner Flats Built in 1934 on the site of the former Woburn Place between Kingswood Street and Morley Street—an example of hygienic accommodation as part of the national slum clearance programme, named after Alderman Hugh Milner Black.
Milner Road One of several streets named after heroes of the Boer War, this one being the British Commissioner in South Africa, Sir Alfred (later Viscount) Milner (1854 1925). Ironically, the newly elected and more radical House of Commons elected in 1906—the year the street was built—passed a vote of censure on Milner for authorising the flogging of Chinese coolie labourers in South Africa.
Milton Place At 32 Upper Russell Street. 'Small tenements'. Number of properties in 1822: 4. Ba1822–K1958
Milton Road 1861
Monmouth Street, Hove St Andrew's Church of England Primary School in Belfast Street now stands on the site. 1881
Montague Place

¶ East Cliff conservation area (16-26 consecutive).
Now dominated by Warwick Mount and Essex Place tower blocks.
      1, the former Bristol Road Methodist Church, is now owned by Brighton College. Grade II listed1.
      †4. Edwin Place was off here.
      †7.
Bedford Buildings was off here.
1826
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Montague Street

¶ East Cliff conservation area (south side).
1851
Montefiore Road, Hove Sir Moses Haim Montefiore (1784-1885) was a leading Jewish financier and philanthropist. His sister Sarah (1789-??) married Moses Asher Goldsmid, brother of Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid; his niece Sophia Solomons married Aaron Goldsmid, another niece, Louisa (d 1910), married Sir Anthony de Rothschild (1810-1876) and a third, Mary, married Benjamin Mocatta. He was a cousin of David Mocatta, the architect of Brighton station and Brighton Regency Synagogue.
      36 Montefiore Methodist Church was designed by E J Hamilton. It opened in 1904 and closed in 1950.
      Montefiroe Hospital was built as a furniture repository for the Brighton department store Hanningtons. Designed in 1899 by Clayton & Black for a site not acquired until 1901, it opened in 1904. In 1972 it was converted into offices for Legal & General by Devereux & Partners and in 2012 was reconverted into a private hospital for Spire Healthcare.
Montgomery Street, Hove In the Poet's Corner district, this street is named after the largely forgotten poet Robert Montgomery (1807-1855), who died in Brighton.
Montpelier The name was used in several British towns—Bristol, Cheltenham, Edinburgh, Harrogate and London, for instance—especially in the second quarter of the 19th century to imply salubrious new property development, although such use of the name dates back to at least a century earlier.
Montpelier Crescent

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area.
Partly built by Amon Henry Wilds 1843-47. In the 1850s there were no fewer than 10 schools here.
      †Montpellier Ground. Cricket ground where John Wisden (1826-??) first played was variously known as Lea's Trap, Temple Fields and Lillywhite's, the latter being the name of a prominent Sussex cricketing family.
      1-6 and 32-38 are Grade II listed1.
      7-31 are Grade II* listed2.
      17 was the home of Lt-Gen Sir (James Frederick) Noel Birch KCMG CB, ADC to George V 1915-173.
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2EH
3Walford (1919): 115
Montpelier Crescent Mews 1851
Montpelier Place

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area.
Built mid 1840s. Renumbered as Upper North Street 27 August 19011. The boundary stone at the junction with Boundary Passage is Grade II listed2.
      Leigh House. 1851.
      Montpelier Inn, dating from c1830, incorporates three terraced houses, the two more westerly may have been built as a pub. It is Grade II listed3.
      Montpelier Place Baptist Church was built in the mid 1960s on the site of the Emmanuel Reformed Episcopal Church in Norfolk Terrace.
      St Stephen's Church was moved here in 1852 from Palace Place, where it had been the chapel of the Royal Pavilion and previously the ballroom of the Castle Tavern, designed by John Crunden and built in 1766. The 1852 frontage and lantern are by Cheeseman; remodelling was by Arthur Blomfield in 1889. It closed in 1970 and after a period as the deaf and dumb church of the Chichester Diocese it became a shelter for the homeless, First Base Day Centre, in 1988, in which year is was restored after being badly damaged by fire. Grade II* listed4.
      West Field House. 1851.
1ESRO DB/D/27/172
2EH
3EH 480457
4EH
Montpelier Road

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area (35-69 consecutive, Park Royal Flats, Brighton & Hove High School, 70-99 consecutive).
¶ Regency Square conservation area (1, 2, 2a, 3, 4a, 5 & 6 PH, 7-20 consecutive, 21-24 Christ Church, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 34, Sillwood Court, Osprey House
The east side was built 1820s, the west side in the early 1830s. 1826. Several houses are by Amon Henry Wilds (especially nos 53-56). The east side south of Western Road comprised two hotels, the Sillwood Hall Hotel and the Hotel Montpelier, the latter being also the west side of Sillwood Place, now replaced by Osprey House. There were 12 schools here in 1851. Lower end renumbered August 19081.
      1-6 Sillwood Hall
      14-16, 19, 21-24 date from c1825. Grade II listed2.
      25-27 Christ Church was designed in gothic revival style and built in 1837-1838 by George Cheesman for Rev H M Wagner and consecrated on 26 April 1838. Serious damage by arsonists on 29 August 1978 led to its demolition in 1982. Sheltered housing now occupies the site.
      28-29 are Grade II listed3.
      36-42 are Grade II listed4.
      44 was the home from 1834 until his death of the artist Frederick Nash (1782-1856), described by J M W Turner as the greatest architectural artist of his time, whose remaining works were auctioned here on 21 March 1857. In 1837 a 'violent hurricane' dislodged a chimney that fell through his studio roof and narrowly missed Nash. He is buried in Brighton cemetery.
      48-56 and 58-65 are Grade II listed5.
      60 was the final home of Rev F W Robertson (see also Montpelier Terrace), where he died in 1853.
      70-74, built c1840. Grade II listed6.
      76-80 and 90-96 are Grade II listed7.
      97 First Church of Christ Scientist was built in 1921.
      Brighton and Hove High School. See Denmark Terrace.
      Montepelier House. 1851.
      Pillar box near the junction with Western Road was made in 1859 by Cochran & Co of Dudley, one of the first National Standard type—a cylindrical form with an octagonal top and no monarchical initials—and is thought now to be the only one in the country still in use. It is Grade II listed8.
      Vicarage was built for Rev H M Wagner, vicar of Brighton, and occupied by him and his son Rev A D Wagner until the former's death in 1870. City of Brighton & Hove plaque. It now houses the Sixth Form College of Brighton and Hove Grammar School.
      †Belvedere, next door to the Vicarage, was home to Rev A D Wagner from 1870 until his death in 1902. It then became the Park Royal Court Hotel until its demolition in 1965. The Park Royal flats occupy the site.
1ESRO DB/D/27/254
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3EH
4EH
5EH
6EH
7EH
8EH
Montpelier Road East Former name of Viaduct Road. 1861
Montpelier Road North Former name of New England Road.
Montpelier Street

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area.
Built mid 1840s.
      1-22 are Grade II listed1 with 1 Victoria Road.
      40 is Grade II listed2.
1EH
2EH
Montpelier Terrace

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area.
(B2122). Part renumbered as Upper North Street 27 August 19011. Part renumbered 5 September 19012.
      1-14 and 16 are Grade II listed3.
      1-5 were built in the 1820s with 89 Montpelier Road.
      1 was the birthplace of bandleader Ray Noble (1903-1978), son of a doctor whose practice was here. Plaque.
      6-13 were built at the same time as Montpelier Villas, c1845.
      9 was the home of Rev Frederick W Robertson (1816-1853), founder of the Brighton Working Men's Institute and incumbent of Holy Trinity Chapel, Ship Street. Plaque.
      Heather Court apartments, dating from the 1970s, stand on the site of the Arnold House Hotel, whose proprietor was Robert J Heather.
      16 Montpelier Lodge.
      17 Montpelier Hall was designed by Amon Henry Wilds and built in 1846. Its first owner was Henry Smithers, the first mayor of Brighton, several of whose successors later occupied the house, including Sir Joseph Ewart. Now a guest house, it opens for occasional guided tours. Grade II listed4.
      Wall letter box near the south-east corner of the junction with Montpelier Road bears the VR royal cipher.
cESRO DB/D/27/172
2ESRO DB/D/27/167
3EH
4EH
Montpelier Villas

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area.
Built by Amon Henry Wilds in 1845. The most expensive street in Brighton & Hove in the 2000s. All Grade II listed1.
      5 was the birthplace of novelist Edna Lyall (real name Ada Ellen Bayly) on 25 March 1857.
      9-10, built c1845.
      18 was the home of the Mrs Hayes who laid the foundation stone of the French Reformed Church in Queensbury Mews. In the 1850s it was owned by John Jervis Tollemache (1805-1890), the largest landowner in Cheshire and an MP for Cheshire constituences 1841-1872, who was created 1st Baron Tollemache in 1876.
      20 was the home of writer and broadcaster Gilbert Harding in the 1950s.
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image of 5
Montreal Road One of three adjacent streets built in the late 1860s and named after places in Canada, newly created a Dominion in 1867 (see also Quebec Street, Toronto Terrace).
      2 was the final home of William Godley, merchant, who bequeathed money to build a clock tower in Queen's Park.
Moon's Court 1851
Morecambe Road, Patcham Morecambe is a seaside resort in Lancashire. Numbered 25 July 19351. 1ESRO DB/D/27/13
Morley Street Created c.1960 when Sussex Street, which used to run down to Grand Parade, was cut off below the Lion & Unicorn pub. The School Clinic, opened 1938, was hit by a war-time bomb, killing three children. Brighton Chest Clinic was across Ivory Place 1939-1989, next to Sussex Street County Primary School, later Welfare Centre.
      †Grand Parade Chapel was on the south-west corner, built 1835 to a design by George Cheesman and demolished in 1938.
Mortimer Road
MOULSECOOMB 'Mul's valley' [OE Mules cumb]. The spelling has been variable (Moulse Comb, Moulse Combe, Moulescombe, etc); in Domesday Book is Mulescumba. Until development began, this was a hamlet in the parish of Patcham. South Moulsecoomb housing estate, built on 93 acres of land bought in November 1920 from the Tillstone family for resettlement of residents of Carlton Hill area slums, was nationally noticed as a garden suburb. It was overseen by Stanley Adshead, professor of town planning at University College, London, working with four local architects. Most of the houses were built between April 1920 and October 1921. Both the high rents and the cost of travel into Brighton frustrated the planners' original intentions. North Moulsecoomb was built 1926 1930, East Moulsecoomb in the 1930s1. The area developed a reputation for social problems from the 1960s onwards, as did Whitehawk, built in a similar style at around the same time. 1Aerial view
Moulsecoomb Place The home of the [Rogers-]Tillstone family, became the site of Brighton Polytechnic, now the University of Brighton. See also Moulsecoomb and Moulsecoomb Wild Park.
Moulsecoomb Way       Beacon Bingo is on the site of the Salvation Army's Goodwill Centre (c1936-1956), which as replaced by an Allen West engineering factory and then by the Fairway Retail Park.
      St Francis of Assisi Catholic Church, a surprisingly domestic-looking building, was originally a chapel of ease (ie, overflow) for the Anglican St Andrew's Church in Colbourne Avenue. It was acquired by the Roman Catholic Church in 1953.
Moulsecoomb Wild Park Purchased with Moulsecoomb Place by the borough council for £30,900 in 1927. At the top of the park is Hollingbury Castle.
Mount Drive, Saltdean formerly known as Saltdean Drive North. Renamed and renumbered 29 December 19521. 1ESRO DB/D/27/307
Mount Pleasant First developed c.1800 and demolished in 1935 as part of the clearance of the worst slums in the area. Park Place was also demolished and the street widened. The east side was built before the outbreak of war but the west side was not completed until the 1960s. Numbered 29 November 19381. 1ESRO DB/D/27/51
Mount Street Built after 1776; nine houses by 1795.
      Mount Street Cottage 1851.
Mount Zion Place

¶ Montpelier and Clifton Hill conservation area.
      1-2 are Grade II listed1. 1826
1EH
Mulberry Square 1826-1851. Formerly between King Street and New Road, roughly where Bond Street Cottages are now. Tree-related name, mulberries being common trees in old towns.
Myrtle Cottages, Portslade 1881

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