The people who built Brighton and Hove: C

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C   local associations
italic: demolished | *listed
CARDEN, Alfred
Alfred CardenArchitect and surveyor's assistant (1881), architect and surveyor. Born in Brighton. WORK
Grand Concert Hall, 78 West Street (1892)
Coronation Cinema, 104 North Road (1911)

65 Gloucester Road [residence 1851-91]
15 Ship Street [practice 1890]
75-76 North Street [practice 1911-12]
2 Hartington Villas [residence 1899]
44 Southdown Avenue [residence 1911)
205 Western Road [practice 1915]
CAREW, John Edward
John CarewIrish sculptor, whose principal patron was George Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egrement moved his studio to Brighton in 1831. Noted for sculptures at Petworth House, the bronze relief of the death of Nelson for Nelson's Column. WORK
St John the Baptist Church, Bristol Road* (Baptism of Christ, 1835, and memorial to Rev Edward Cullen, 1850)

9 Bloomsbury Place [residence 1832-34]
Caroe & Partners Architects. Founded by Alban Douglas Rendell Caroe and Aubyn Peart Robinson, this was the firm in which Eric Gill began to tran as an architect in 1900. Caroe's son Martin Caroe (1933-1999) continued the firm after this father's death in 1991). WORK
Chapel Royal, North Street (repairs, 1992)
CARPENTER, Richard Cromwell
CARPENTER, Richard Herbert
      Richard Cromwell Carpenter. Architect.

R H Carpenter      Richard Cromwell Carpenter. Son of R C Carpenter. Partnership with Benjamin Ingelow from 1872.
WORK (R C Carpenter)
St Paul's Church, West Street (1846-48)
All Saints Church, Compton Avenue (1853, demolished 1957)
Church of St Nicholas of Myra, Church Street (restoration 1853-54)
WORK (R H Carpenter)
St Paul's Church, West Street* (extended 1876)
Church of the Holy Resurrection, Russell Street (1876, closed 1908, demolished 1968)
St Leonard's Church, New Church Road*
Architect. He later became Deputy Borough Architect. PERSONAL
High Vu, 8 Highview Avenue North [residence 1934]
CAWTHORN, Frank Thomas
Architect and surveyor at 170 North Street (1910-18). Born in Greenwich, son of a lodging house keeper. Architects draughtsman (1881). Partner in Scott and Cawthorn. LRIBA 1925. He never married. Left £13,093 1s 1d. WORK
Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady, Washington Street
St Agnes' Church, Newtown Road [1903, attrib. but unlikely. See A G Humphrey]
Church of St John, Carlton Hill (restoration, 1919)

> See also Scott & Cawthorn

56a Marine Parade [childhood home 1871]
11 College Road [family residence, 1881]
91 Freshfield Road [family residence, 1891] • 57 Freshfield Road [residence 1899-1933, deathplace]
CDMS Architects Architects. Camillin Denny Morton Scarr. WORK
New England House, New England Road (reconfiguration)
St Stephen's Hall, Montpelier Place* (restoration/conversion)
Architect at . PERSONAL
15 Ship Street [practice 1890]
Artist and designer, notably of colour schemess for art-deco-period places of entertainment. including the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-on-Avon. WORK
Regent Cinema, Queen's Road [interiors, 1921]
CHANTREY, Sir Francis Leggatt RA
Francis Leggatt ChantreySculptor of portrait busts and statues. Knighted in 1835. He left the bulk of his estate to the trustees of the Royal Academy; the Chantrey Bequest was the main source of funds for acquisitions by the Tate Gallery until the 1920s.
Portrait: Henry Bone, 1831, after John Jackson
Statue of George IV, Church Street (1822)
CHAPMAN, William
Architect and surveyor at 3 Abbey Road (1899).
CHAPPELL, John Thomas
Builder, contractor and brick-maker. Born in Harrow, Middlesex, son of a bricklayer and himself became a bricklayer, living in High Street, Steyning (1861). In 1866 he also has a steam saw mill in Steyning, which he still had in 1880, by which time his business was in Lupus Street, Pimlico and Grosvenor Road, London. Builder employing about 600 men (1881). Member of the Royal Brunswick Masonic Lodge in Brighton. Finally moved to London probably c1884. Retired by 1911 and returned to Harrow-on-the-Hill. WORK
Court House, Church Street (1868)
1 Grand Avenue* (1871-74, now King's House)
Hove Town Hall, Church Road (1882, destroyed by fire 1966)
Hove General Hospital, Sackville Road (1887-88) [now Tennyson Court flats]
King's Gardens, Kingsway* (c1890)

9 St Michael's Place [residence 1871-80]
25 First Avenue [residence 1881-83]
CHAPPLE, John Starling
Architect, born in Exeter. Assistant to William Burges from 1859 and clerk of works. Completed the interior decoration of St Michael & All Angels after Burges' death. WORK
St Michael and All Angels, Victoria Road* (interior decoration, 1881-)
Builder at Kensington Cottage, 34 Kensington Street (1841-61). Master builder employing 190 men and boys (1861). Known as George Cheesman, Childrens being his grandmother's maiden name incorporated in his father's surname. Also described as architect and surveyor. Father of George Cheesman and Thomas Cheesman (1823-), also a builder. WORK
Christ Church, Montpelier Road (1837, fire 1978)
The Old Vicarage, Temple Gardens (1834)
Grand Parade Chapel, Morley Street (1835, demolished 1938)
St Paul's Church, West Street
St Ann's Church, Burlington Street (1862)
drainage and outfall, Brunswick Square and Brunswick Terrace (1862)
George Cheesman JrArchitect, surveyor, builder. Lived at St Florence, Pembrokeshire at the time of his death. WORK
Sisters of Mercy Convent, Bristol Road (1873)
21 Ship Street [1843]
Cheesman & Freeman Brighton building firm. Successor to Cheesman and Son.
Cheesman & Son Brighton building firm, partnership of the George Cheesmans Snr and Jr, which appears to have been dissolved c1855. See also Samuel Denman. WORK
Church of St John the Evangelist, Carlton Hill (1840)
Percival Terrace (1845-1850)
Cheesman & Sons Brighton building firm, active c1865.
Christian & Cowell Architects at 36 Duke Street (1899).
CLARKE, George Somers
Son of Brighton vestry clerk Somers Clarke. His family home was in Oriental Place. He trained with George Gilbert Scott. In 1876 he formed a partnership with John Thomas Micklethwaite. He was also an Egyptologist and built a house at El Kab. He died in Egypt. Not to be confused with George Somers Leigh Clarke (1822-1882), an architect who trained with Charles Barry. Despite the similar in their names, no family connection has been traced. PERSONAL
27 Oriental Place [childhood home]
11 Dyke Road (former Swan Downer School)* (1869)
22-24 North Street (rebuilding 1873)
6-9 Western Road, Brighton (1874)
Church of St Martin and St Wilfrid, Lewes Road Wagner Memorial Church, 1873-75)
St Martin's Vicarage, Franklin Road, Brighton (1877)
St Peter's Church, St Peter's Place* (heating chmber 1888; chancel extension 1900-1906)
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (1870, and with J T Micklethwaite, 1888)
All Saints Church, Church Hill, Patcham (1875)
Church of St Nicholas of Myra, Church Street (1876, 1886)
Holy Trinity Chapel, Ship Street (remodelling, 1885-87)
Victoria Branch, Brighton & Hove Dispensary, Sackville Road (1887)
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (restoration, 1888)
St Peter's Church, Holmes Avenue (restoration, 1891)
CLARKE, George Somers Leigh
George Somers Leigh ClarkeBorn in Newington, London, he trained with Charles Barry. His practice was at 20 Cockspur Street, London. He came second in the competition to design Brighton College in 1848, losing to George Gilbert Scott, and was awarded a 30gns premium. WORK
Blind Asylum, Eastern Road (1861)
CLAYTON, Charles Edward
CLAYTON, Charles Lawrence FRIBA
      Charles Edward Clayton. Architect, pupil of Thomas Simpson. Brighton-born son of Hollis Clayton, house agent and owner. Partner with George Holford in Holford & Clayton from 1876 to 1883 at 152 North Street (1876-1877). Founding partner in Clayton & Black. Architect to the Theatre Royal 1894-1920. His history of Hangleton was published in Sussex Archaeological Collections in 1886.
      Charles Lawrence Clayton. Elder son of Charles E Clayton. Born in Brighton, he grew up in Edburton and later lived in Bolney (1939). ARIBA 1920. Became partner in Clayton & Black. Retired to Castlehyde, Co Cork, Ireland by the mid 1950s.
Empire Theatre of Varieties, 16-17 New Road [reconstruction 1896, later Court Cinema, Paris Cinema, etc, demolished 1967]
Duke of York's Cinema, Preston Circus (1910)
See also Clayton & Black

14 Chatham Place [CE Clayton childhood home]
1 Powis Grove [CE Clayton residence 1877]
47 Shaftesbury Road [CE Clayton residence 1881]
20 Highcroft Villas [CE Clayton residence 1891]
CLAYTON, John Richard
John Richard ClaytonDesigner, partner in Clayton & Bell. Trained as an architect under G G Scott, worked for him as a draughtsman before becoming an artist and designer. Designed the mosaics on the Albert Memorial. Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady, Washington Street (glass, 1864)
Clayton & Bell Designers, notably of stained glass, Partnership of J R Clayton and Alfred Bell, formed in 1857. Trained some of the leading glass designers of the period, including John Burlison, T J Grylls and C E Kempe and at one time employed 300 men. Led by Bell family descendants, the firm survived until 1993. WORK
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (wall paintings)
St Barnabas' Church, Byron Street* (glass)
Christ Church, Montpelier Road (glass)
St Mark's Church, Eastern Road (glass)
St Michael and All Angels, Victoria Road (glass)
St Leonard's Church, New Church Road (glass)
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (glass)
St Margaret's Church, The Green, Rottingdean* (glass)
Clayton & Black Brighton firm of architects and surveyors of Charles E Clayton and Ernest Black. Founded as Holford and Clayton in 1876 and joined by Black in 1882. When Holford left in 1883, the firm took its present name. Later partners included their respective sons, Charles L Clayton and Kenneth R Black. The practice moved from premises at 152 North Street in 1904 to 10 Prince Albert Street. WORK
Blenheim House, 56 Old Steine (remodelling, 1875-76)
Theatre Royal, New Road* (remodelling, 1894)
Gwydyr Mansions, Holland Road (1890)
French Convalescent Home, De Courcel Road (1895-98)
Hannington's Depository, Montefiore Road (1899-1904, now Montefiore Hospital)
five houses in Agnes Street (1903)
Wick Hall, Furze Hill (remodelling, 1902; demolished 1935)
four houses in Coronation Street (1903)
Mission Hall, Stoneham Road Baptist Church (1903-04; demolished 2008)
Royal Asssurance Society, 163 North Street* (1904)
10 Paince Albert Street* (remodelling, 1904)
8 houses, Seville Street (1904)
Branch Tavern, London Road (rebuilding, 1905)
Electric bus garage and recharging station, Montague Place* (1908)
Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Davigdor Road (1909, now St Mary and St Abraam Coptic Orthodox Church)
council houses at 23-30 High Street, Kemp Town* (1910)
Duke of York's Picture House, Preston Circus* (1910)
Winter Garden, Palace Pier (1910, now Palace of Fun)
factory for the Standard Tablet and Pill Company, Hove Park Villas (1917; now DuBarry Building)
New Sussex Hospital (formerly Temple Heights), Temple Gardens (remodelling, 1921)
First Church of Christ Scientist, 97 Montpelier Road (extension and new facade, 1921)
National Provincial Bank, North Street* (1921-23)
Imperial Arcade (1923-24)
Hove Fire Station, Hove Street (1926, now offices)
Unigate dairy and bottling plant (1928-30, demolished c1987)
Lloyds TSB Bank, North Street (1920s)
King and Queen, 14-16 Marlborough Place* (remodelled 1931-32)
Norfolk Arms, 52 Grand Parade
Sussex Grill, Ship Street
Atlas Chambers, 33 West Street (1930s)
SS Brighton, West Street
Hove Manor flats, Hove Street (1940s)
Great Globe PH, Edward Street
Clayton, Black & Daviel Brighton firm of architects formed in the 1950s when J R F Daviel joined the firm. WORK
Church of St Richard of Chichester, The Crossway, Hollingdean (1953)
Church of the Good Shepherd, Stanley Avenue, Mile Oak (1967)
> See also J R F Daviel
Architect and surveyor at 23 Russell Place (1824). WORK
St James's Street (projections, 1824)
COADE, Eleanor
Eleanor CoadeDeveloped a superior form of artificial stone after taking over the business of Daniel Pincot in Lambeth. Lithodipyra (meaning twice-fired stone), commonly called Coade stone, received a royal warrant from George III and the Prince Regent. WORK
Royal Pavilion, Old Steine (statuary, mouldings)
St Nicholas' Church, Church Street (memorial)
Chapel Royal, North Street (royal coat of arms)
COATES, Wells Wintemute
Wells CoatesArchitect, designer and inventor, born to Canadian methodist missionaries in Tokyo, he came to England soon after graduating at the University of British Columbia, having served as a gunner and then pilot in the Royal Air Force during the Great War. He established his own practice in 1928. A follower of Le Corbusier, his first important Modernist design was for the Isokon Building in Hampstead (1934), followed by Embassy Court (1935); he designed only one more apartment block. After war service, again in the RAF, he designed the Telekinema for the Festival of Britain, which became the National Film Theatre from 1952 until its relocation in 1957. He progressively returned to Canada and died in Vancouver, for which he designed a monorail rapid transit system. Some of his archive is at the University of East Anglia. WORK
Embassy Court, King's Road (1934-35)
COLBRON, Harry Stiles
COLBRON, Joseph Parkin
      Harry Stiles Colborn was surveyor to the Brighton Town Commissioners and a coal merchant. Proprietor of 1-5 Hanover Terrace (Poll Book 1842).
      Joseph Parkin Colborn. Surveyor. Born in Brighton, elder son of Harry S Colborn. Surveyor for West Hove Improvement Commissioners. Associate of the Institute of Civil Engineers 1867.
WORK (Harry)
Prince Albert Street (laying out, 1839, 1842)

23-24 Upper Rock Gardens [practice, residence 1832-1834]
28/21 Devonshire Place [practice, residence 1839-1848]
74 West Street [practice, residence 1856]
4 Bond Street [practice 1856]
10 Osborne Street [1859]
11 Osborne Villas [residence 1861]
2-3 Osborne Street, Cliftonville [practice, residence 1868-78]
38 Osborne Villas [practice, residence 1906-1913]
Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow Architectural practice of John Duke Coleridge (qv), Paul Humphrey Coleridge (qv below), Frank Jennings and Mitrofan (Michael) Soimenow (1892-1976). The partnership was dissolved in 1935 and continued as Coleridge & Jennings. WORK
Courtenay Gate (1934)
      John Duke Coleridge. Architect in the firm of Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow (qv above). Son of a barrister and grandson of 1st Baron Coleridge of Ottery St Mary, a former Attorney General and Lord Chief Justice. Brother of Paul Humphrey Coleridge. Architect in the firm of Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow (qv above). Son of a barrister and grandson of 1st Baron Coleridge of Ottery St Mary, a former Attorney General and Lord Chief Justice. Brother of John Duke Coleridge.
COLES, Frank Alleyn
Architect. ARIBA 1892. WORK
Church of St John the Baptist, Church Road (additions, 1906-07)
COLES, George
George ColesArchitect, principally of cinemas (Odeon) and department stores (British Home Stores) in the English Moderne (art deco) style. Designed the Rothbury Cinema among nearly 90 cinemas. He lived at Buck's Head, near Lower Beeding. WORK
Rothbury Cinema, Franklin Road (1934)
Architect. Joined the office of Brighton Borough Surveyor Philip Causton Lockwood in 1867, where he worked on the final stages of the original conversion of the Royal Stables into The Dome concert hall and Corn Exchange. He set up his own practice in London in 1869 and his main work—including the Savoy Hotel, the Palace Theatre and the Imperial Institute—was away from Brighton. He was president of the RIBA 1906-1908.
Image: Portrait by Arthur Stockdale Cope (c1908) [RIBA]
The Dome, Church Street* (1867)
COLLINS, William
'Glassman'. WORK
St Peter's Church, St Peter's Place* (glass)
Christ Church, Montpelier Road (glass)
COMPER, Sir John Ninian
John Ninian ComperArchitect and designer. Spent a year with C E Kempe before becoming a pupil of G F Bodley. WORK
St Mary Magdalene, Coldean Lane (reredos, part brought from St Anne's Church Eastbourne)
Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Davigdor Road (pulpit, glass, 1909, now St Mary and St Abram Coptic Orthodox Church)
COOPER, Thomas
Builder and architect, born in Marylebone, London, son of a Brighton builder. Moved to Brighton c1820. WORK
Hanover Chapel, Church Street (attrib, 1825) [now part of Brighthelm, North Raod]
Trinity Independent Presbyterian (Mr Faithfull's) Chapel, Church Street (1825, now Côte restaurant)
Bedford Hotel, King's Road (1829, destroyed by fire 1964)
Brighton Town Hall, Bartholomews (1830-32)
St Mark's Church, Eastern Road (1840, attrib)

52 Gloucester Lane [residence 1851]
Cooper & Lynn Architects. WORK
Royal Colonnade, New Road (1823; part remaining)
CORBET, Matthew Ridley
Matthew Ridley CorbetArtist. Studied at the Slade School of Art and then the Royal Academy Schools under Frederic Leighton.
Image: Portrait by John McLure Hamilton
St Nicholas' Church, Church Street (painted reredos)
Architect. WORK
111-112 St George's Road (1875)
1 Victoria Place [1856-1859]
Builder, born in Shaftesbury, Dorset, son of a carpenter who was himself born in Henfield, Sussex. The family moved to Brighton in John's early childhood. He trained as a carpenter and still had that profession in 1871 but began building soon after. PERSONAL
14 Jubilee Street [childhood residence 1861]
42 Over Street [residence 1871]
Upper Wellington Road (1876-77)
2 Upper Wellington Road [residence c1877-1899]
COX, Oliver
Stained and leaded glass craftsman, partner in Cox and Barnard. See Cox and Barnard.
COX, Thomas
Ecclesiastical tailor and stained glass craftsman, partner in Cox and Barnard. WORK
St Andrew's Church, Church Road (glass).
Cox & Barnard Firm founded in 1919 by a Mr Loadsman in Blatchington Road, Hove but soon taken over after his death by former employees Oliver Cox and William Barnard, who moved the company to Old Shoreham Road. Leaded lights in doors and porches in housing of the inter-war years in the Nevill Road area are by the firm. The company has been at 56 Livingston Road, Hove since 1968. WORK
St Mary's Catholic Church, Surrenden Road (glass)
Metropole Hotel, King's Road (glass, post-war)
Middle Street Synagogue (glass restoration)
Hove Town Hall, Church Road (glass canopy, destroyed by fire 1966)
St Nicolas' Church, Manor Hill, Portslade (glass, 1946)
St Philip's Church, New Church Road, Aldrington (glass, 1955, 1960)
St Andrew's Church, Colborne Avenue, Moulescoomb (glass, 1998)
Church of the Sacred Heart, Norton Road* (glass, 2001)
Architect. Partner of S J Hansom. WORK
Church of the Sacred Heart, Norton Road* (1880)
CREANE, Robert C E
Architect/civil engineer at 3 Rose Hill Terrace (1899-1901). Born in Co Kerry, Ireland. Living in Brighton in 1881 as a saddler and harness maker employing one man and a boy. Moved to Erith, Kent as public house manager (1891). Back in Brighton by the end of the decade, variously described as an architect and civil engineer. PERSONAL
9 Preston Street [residence, workplace 1881]
Albert Cresswell. Surveyor and builder. Born in Swanmore or Droxford, Hampshire; brother of Henry Cresswell.
Henry Cresswell. Builder, employing 30 men and three boys (1881); tile, iron and marble dealer. Born in Swanmore, Hampshire; brother of Albert Cresswell.
WORK (Albert)
16 The Drive (The Gables)* (1882)
WORK (Henry)
First Church of Christ Scientist, 97 Montpelier Road (extension and new facade, 1921)

6 Church Road [premises 1881]
59 Norton Road [premises 1882-84]
Lynton House, 25 Holland Road [residence 1891]
47 Wilbury Avenue [residence 1901]
18 Blatchington Road [residence 1881-91)
50 Cromwell Road [residence 1911-13]
Woodside, Lansdowne Road [residence 1918)
CREWE, Bertie
Bertie CreweArchitect, specialising in theatres. In 1902 he completed the transformation of the former skating rink into the Hippodrome Palace of Varieties theatre begun by Frank Matcham the previous year. WORK
Hippodrome, Middle Street [re-conversion 1902]
CRIBB, Herbert Joseph (Joe)
Carver and letter cutter. Born in Hammersmith, became first apprentice taken on by Eric Gill. Came with Gill to Ditchling after 1910, remained with the Guild of St Joseph and St Dominic after Gill's departure in 1924, responsible for all stonework until his death. WORK
Allied Irish Banks, 20-22 Marlborough Place (reliefs)
Church of the Good Shepherd, Dyke Road (inscription)
St John's Church, Carlton Hill (carving)
Church of the Ascension, Dene Vale, Westdene (communion table)
2-3 Pavilion Buildings (former Brighton & Hove Herald) (reliefs)
CROMIE, Robert F
Robert CromieArchitect, specialist in cinemas and theatres. WORK
Lido Cinema, Denmark Villas
157 Kingsway* (1934-35)
CROUCH, Frederick Alfred Architect at 75 Portland Road. ARIBA 1912. WORK
The Lodge, Leicester Villas [practice, residence 1929]
Architect. Sussex-born but worked in London. WORK
• Castle Hotel ballroom (1766), converted to Royal Chapel, moved and adapted as St Stephen's Church, Montpelier Place in 1852 [now First Base Day Centre].
CUBITT, Thomas
Thomas Cubitt      Thomas Cubitt [right]. Architect and master builder. Appenticed as a carpenter. Developed large housing estates, notably in Belgravia, Bloomsbury and Kemp Town.He designed Osborne House on the Isle of Wight and the east front of Buckingham Palace for Queen Victoria, who called him 'our Mr Cubitt'. He lived at 13 Lewes Crescent at the time of his death. Left over £1m.
      Lewis Cubitt. Architect, younger brother of Thomas Cubitt, pupil of Henry Kendall Sr, whose daughter he married at St Nicholas' Church, Brighton. His main work was in the Belgravia and Bloomsbury districts of London.
Image: Portrait by Sir William Boxall
WORK (Thomas Cubitt)
St George's Church, St George's Road*
Eaton Place* (1845-1855)
Belgrave Place* (1848)
Chichester Terrace*

13 Lewes Crescent* [Thomas's residence 1846-1855]
5 Lewes Crescent [Lewis's residence, deathplace 1883]
CURTIS, Thomas Figgis
Stained glass designer/maker, who took over the firm Ward & Hughes after the death of his wife's relative, Henry Hughes. See Curtis, Ward and Hughes
Curtis, Ward and Hughes Stained glass makers, successor company to Ward & Hughes, led by T F Curtis, from 1883 until his death, when his daughter Ethel Kibblewhite (1873-1947) kept the firm going until 1930. WORK
St Philip's Church, New Church Road [glass, 1894]
Church of St John the Evangelist, Preston Road [glass, 1902]
Church of the Good Shepherd, Dyke Road [glass, 1920-22]

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Page updated 16 May 2022