Timeline

 

Brighton and Hove timeline

1850
January 4  Skating on Falmer pond.
January 8  The Brighton-to-London express train completes the journey in one hour and five minutes.
January 15  The Pavilion is open for general inspection.
February 7  The Brighton Pavilion Purchase Bill is read for the first time in the House of Commons.
February 12  The Committee of the National Schools in Brighton, chaired by the Bishop of Chichester, considers the soundness of the religious principles of Mr Daymond, the schoolmaster.
February 14  The Brighton Pavilion Purchase Bill has its second reading in the House of Commons.
February 23  Several forged £5 notes are found to have been passed at the Union Bank in Brighton, Four people are arrested.
March 14  The Brighthelmston Dispensary is formally opened at the annual general meeting of governors, in the new building. Thomas Attree presents a marble bust of the late Earl of Egremont.
March 19  The Brighton Pavilion Purchase Bill completes the Committee state in the House of Commons.
March 30  An inhabitants meeting in the Town Hall considers 'the propriety of adopting measures in furtherance of the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in the year 1851'.
April 6  The ex-king and queen of the France arrive at the Brighton home of the Marquis of Bristol. They stay until the 20th.
April 10  The Brighton Pavilion Purchase Bill passes its third reading in the House of Commons and has its first reading in the House of Lords.
April 23  The Brighton Pavilion Purchase Bill has its second reading in the House of Lords.
May 2  The Brighton Pavilion Purchase Bill is read a third time in the House of Lords.
May 16  Royal Assent to the Brighton Pavilion Purchase Bill.
May 28  Eight houses in Nottingham Street are destroyed by fire.
June 19  Sale of the Pavilion to the town is completed. The Surveyor to the Woods and Forests gives possession to Lewis Slight as representative of the Brighton Commissioners.
June 23  Sunday working in the Post Office is discontinued.
June 28  The grounds of the Pavilion are opened to the public. About 400 excursionists from Southampton land at the Chain Pier.
July 8  Lieutenant Gale ascends in his balloon from the Swiss Cottage, Shoreham and lands on the French coast near Dieppe around 23:00 that night. He is killed on 15 September near Bordeaux when he falls from his balloon.
July 17  A violent storm over Brighton, depicted in a print published by William Grant.
August 1  The new National School Room in Preston, built by W Stanford, is opened.
August 15  Sailings by the Collier screw-steamer (Captain Doke) begin between Brighton and the Channel Islands.
August 27  W H Smith proposes a scheme for a floating breakwater.
September 5  Children playing with matches set fire to a hay stack in Gardner Street.
September 24  A public meeting at the Town Hall considers W H Smith's breakwater proposal.
September 27  Mr and Mrs King are elected governor and matron of the workhouse.
October 1  Flymen revolt when the railway company takes the cab business into its own hands.
November 14  A vestry meeting is held at the Town Hall to address the queen about the pope's attempt to 'parcel out this kingdom into dioceses under Cardinal Wiseman'.
November 21  A vestry meeting at the Town Hall considers a report by the town Commissioners to let and partly demolish parts of the Pavilion.
November 27  First interment at Extra Mural Cemetery (see also 1857 November 14).
November 29  The Vicar of Brighton, Rev H M Wagner, holds a meeting at the Town Hall to consider means of alleviating the sufferings of widows and orphans in the town.
December 5  A vestry meeting decides that the south lodge of the Pavilion shall be demolished.
December 6  A meeting is held at the Town Hall to discuss establishing a Mechanics' Institute.
December 23  Mr Cooke's circus opens in the riding school of the Pavilion.
December 25  Inmates of the workhouse are treated to roast beef and plum pudding.
December 30  The Brighton Commissioners make the first Pavilion rate.

1851
January 13  Electric telegraph line from London to Brighton opened.
January 15  Brighton inhabitants are admitted to view the decorations of the Pavilion by gas light.
January 21  A grand ball is held in the Pavilion to mark its re-opening. Several more balls are held over the coming weeks.
January 22  A promenade concert, attended by upwards of 1,000 people, is held in the assembly rooms of the Pavilion.
January 30  A vestry meeting is held to petition Parliament for the repeal of the window tax.
February 17  The theatre closes after 'a most disastrous season' [Brighton Gazette].
February 24  Sake Dean Mahomed dies, aged 101.
March 6  A sacred concert is held at the Pavilion to inaugurate the organ in the music room.
March 14  Cook's Circus clown, Mr Nelson, sails from the Chain Pier to the Albion Hotel in a washing tub drawn by three geese.
March 19  First public performance by the Brighton Amateur Symphony Society is given at the Town Hall.
March 21  A vestry meeting for Hove residents considers whether to raise money on the rates to build a new church.
April 27  The Ayrshire Lassie begins sailings between Brighton and Dieppe for the season.
April 28  The circus closes.
May 14  Demolition of the old race stand begins.
May 15  The south gateway and Pavilion property in Castle Square are sold at auction, raising £1,722.
June 2  LB&SCR workers are granted a four-day holiday and special trains to visit the Great Exhibition.
June 6  The driver, stoker and three passengers are killed when a train hits a sleeper laid across the tracks between Brighton and Lewes. [See also 1853 September 7.]
June 12  Tenders amounting to £1,118 are made for the annual rent of part of the Pavilion estate.
July 25  St Stephen's Church in Montpelier Place, the former Pavilion Chapel, opens.
August 2  An old soldier named Kitchen arrives at Gausden's cricket ground after walking 1,000 miles in 1,000 hours.
August 4  A circus in a permanent building is opened in Mighell Street by a clown called Swann (see also 1853 November 20).
August 14  Dr Gideon Mantell opens the Mantellian Academy of Sciences.
September 4  A vestry meeting adopts the bye-laws of the Commissioners for the Pavilion Grounds.
September 16  At Gausden's cricket ground, the Gentlemen of England beat the Gentlemen of Sussex.
September 25  About 3,000 people attend the first free monthly open day at the Pavilion.
September 29  A meeting is held at Brighton Town Hall to consider establishing baths and wash-houses for the poor.
October 23  The Duchess of Gloucester arrives in Brighton. She stays until 26 November.
November 27  A demonstration of Phillip's Annihilator, a fire extinguisher, at Gausden's cricket ground is attended by 10,000 people.
November 27  The first body, that of Phoebe Wells, is interred at the Brighton Extra-mural Cemetery.
December 4  A vestry meeting chaired by Rev H M Wagner, refuses to make a church rate.

1852
January 5  New cattle market opens.
January 29  A three-day poll rejects the proposal to open the east and west gates of the Pavilion grounds by a majority of 832.
February 4  A life-boat is exhibited by a Mr Peak off the head of the Chair Pier, attended by the Duke of Northumberland and other nobility and gentry.
February 10  The gate of the north lodge at the Pavilion is blown down in a storm, killing a Miss Michelson.
February 19  The aurora borealis is seen in Brighton.
March 1  A meeting to oppose incorporation of the town is chaired by Rev H M Wagner.
March 17  Planting of trees begins on Race Hill Road, which is renamed Elm Grove as a result.
June 11  St Stephen's Church is consecrated by the Bishop of Chichester.
June 27  Emigrants from Brighton to 'the diggings' in California sail from Portsmouth on the Statesman. [see also 1853 January 12.]
June 28  A 'monster' meeting of electors is held in the Pavilion riding school (Dome).
July 8  Parliamentary election; no change in representation.
July 23  Sussex beats Kent by six wickets in a match at the Brunswick Ground.
August 6  All Saints' Church, Brighton opens.
August 26  A regatta is held off Regency Square.
September 7  Edward Boates, the boy suspected of placing a sleeper across the Brighton-Lewes railway track (see 1851 June 6), is struck dead by lightning near the same spot.
September 21  A Mrs Eastwood is killed when stepping from a train in motion at Brighton station.
October 1  The inquiry into the incorporation of Brighton resumes.
October 2  The schooner Honoria out of Dover is driven ashore near Kemp Town in a storm.
October 7  A ladies' bazaar at the Pavilion raises money to support emigration from the Scottish highlands.
November 9  The effects of an earthquake are felt in Brighton and throughout the country.
November 10  Dr Gideon Mantell dies at his home in Chester Square, London.
November 21  Widespread flooding. William Smithers drowns when he slips into the river near Old Shoreham Bridge.
November 25  A meeting at the Pavilion for the improvement of the dwellings of the working class is chaired by the Earl of Carlisle.
December 1  Patcham well overflows.
December 19  The last of the Brighton coach proprietors, Edmund Stevens ('Blue Coach'), dies at his home at 104 London Road.
December 27  A fierce storm causes much damage and drives a Portuguese ship of 180 tons is driven ashore at Copperas Gap, the 11 crew being saved.
December 28  Queen Victoria refuses a charter of incorporation to Brighton.

1853
January 4  Lord Alfred Harvey is returned unopposed in the Brighton by-election caused by his appointment as a Lord of the Treasury (ie, whip).
January 7  W Cooke's circus closes at the Pavilion.
January 12  Letters are received from the emigrants who sailed for 'the diggings' [see 1852 June 27].
January 18 
March 10  A town meeting at the Town Hall approves a proposal for a Bill in Parliament for a Constant Service Water Company.
March 17  Bursting of a locomotive boiler at Brighton station kills three people, the driver (Young), the stoker (Elliott) and a fitter (Baker).
March 28  The Swiss Gardens re-open.
March 28  The new season begins at the theatre.
March 29  Henry Tamplin is elected Constable of the Hundred of Whalesbone, the event marked with a feast at the Old Ship.
May 27  A fierce storm damages property.
June 15  At Brunswick cricket ground, the United Eleven of England beats a Seventeen of Sussex.
June 16  The foundations tone for the Brighton Female Orphan Asylum near St Mary's Hall, is lade by Lady Jane Peel.
June 22  Work begins on the King's Road Improvement, widening the road between Ship Street and West Street.
July 16  Brighton Theatre opens for the season.
August 14  Rev F W Robertson dies.
August 20  First ordinary meeting at the Town Hall of the Constant Service Water Company.
September 3  End of the inquiry into incorporation.
September 19  The circus opens at the Pavilion.
September 29  All Saints Church is consecrated by the Bishop of Chichester.
October 3  The foundation stone for Queen's Square Chapel is laid.
October 5  First stone laid for Municipal Training College by the Countess of Chichester.
November 20  The Edward Street Circus (see 1851 August 4) is destroyed by fire.
December 26  The pantomime, The Star of Brighthelmstone, opens at the Theatre.
• Brighton now has 947 gas street lamps.

1854
January 3  In consequence of the snow storm, 4,000 quarts of soup are distributed at the three kitchens.
January 26  A meeting chaired by Major Fawcett at the Town Hall to petition parliament to assist Turkey in repelling the Russian invasion.
February 1  A fleet of colliers arrive at Shoreham, Newhaven and Littlehampton; the price of coal, which had risen to 2gns a ton, falls considerably.
February 9  A vestry meeting at the Town Hall considers the removal of the Preston turnpike gate, the trustees of the turnpike having applied to parliament for the removal of powers.
February 10  A public meeting in the Town Hall, chaired by Thomas Attree, promotes the establishment of annual floricultural and horticultural exhibitions.
February 20  A public vestry meeting in the Town Hall about the proposed new burial grounds.
March 2  A public meeting at the Town Hall disapproves of the purchase of land by the directors and guardians on which to build a new workhouse and industrial schools without rate-payer consent.
March 10  A town meeting at the Town Hall discusses the new Reform Bill.
March 13  A meeting in the Town Hall, chaired by Sir Thomas Blomefield, to petition parliament to legislate against the opening of public houses on the Sabbath.
March 28  Ann Griffen dies in the workhouse, aged 100.
April 3  Charter for incorporation of Brighton as a municipal borough with an elected Town Council.
May 4  Tenders for the new workhouse are opened and referred to the committee.
May 11  A Town Hall meeting supports Sir WC Clay's motion to abolish church rates.
May 26  The Vegetarian Society holds explanatory meetings at the Town Hall.
May 30  First elections for the Town Council. Major Fawcett is the returning officer.
June 7  The newly elected councillors appoint aldermen for the several wards.
June 7 (or 11)  Major [Lt-Col?] Fawcett elected first mayor of Brighton.
June 24  The Church of St John the Baptist in Hove is consecrated.
July 31  The music hall in Edward Street reopens.
August 13  A new Act comes into force for a further closing of public houses on the Sabbath.
August 21  The famous cricketer Lillywhite dies of cholera, aged 62.
August 28  Mr and Mrs Passmore are elected governor and matron of the workhouse.
September 28  The Duchess of Gloucester arrives at the Bedford Hotel.
October 6  William Crafts ('a person of colour'), an escaped American slave, delivers two addresses on slavery at the Town Hall.
October 12  Queen's Square Chapel (Independent) opens.
October 20  Russian prisoners arrive at Lewes.
November 1  General municipal elections at Brighton.

1855
January 1  David Black is elected Brighton Borough Coroner.
January 15  The first borough inquest is held at the Three Tuns Inn on the body of a newly born infant found among the rocks at Kemp Town.
February 26  The Theatre closes at the end of the season.
February 26  The first Brighton Quarter Sessions held before the Recorder, Edwin James.
March 19  The Theatre re-opens for a short operatic season.
March 23  The Brighton Commissioners and Municipal Transfer Bill passes the House of Commons.
May 3  The Brighton Commissioners and Municipal Transfer Act receives the royal assent.
May 8  A Town Hall meeting considers holding an exhibition of the fine arts in Brighton.
May 28  Last meeting of the town commissioners under the Brighton Town Act is held at the Town Hall, with J Patching in the chair.
May 29  The Corporation of the Borough of Brighton takes over all responsibilities of the Town Commissioners.
June 12  The first meeting of the Brighton and Sussex Photographic Society is held at the Town Hall.
July 22  Mr Hannington dies at his home in North Street, aged 70.
August 4  The Theatre opens for the season.
August 9  Queen Victoria visits Brighton on her to Osborn after inspecting the foreign legion at Shorncliffe.
November 19  The new organ is inaugurated at the Dorset Gardens Wesleyan Chapel.
December 19  Jenny Lind Goldschmidt appears in a concert at the Town Hall.

1856
January 7  First of a series of fashionable balls at the Pavilion.
January 31  The 'Mound' in Hove Fields is removed, revealing an ancient barrow containing artefacts believed to be 2,000 years old.
February 23  Richard Davis hangs himself in one of the police cells below the Town Hall.
March 25  No court leet is held; the office of High Constable for the Hundred of Walesbone is now extinct.
March 28  Brighton Protestant Association is formed in a meeting at the Town Hall.
April 9  A vestry meeting is held to discuss the gift of 20 acres of land by the Marquis of Bristol for a parish burial ground.
May 8  A residents' meeting is held to discuss the propriety of a demonstration in celebration of the peace in the Crimea, declared on 1 May.
May 12  The Theatre opens for a short operatic season.
June 4  Celebrations to mark end of the Crimean War.
July 28  The Theatre opens for the season.
August 20  Two Brighton fishing boats are driven on shore in a gale between Rottingdean and Newhaven, all crew members (six men and two boys) are killed.
August 25  The mayor presides over a meeting to devise a means of relief for the widows and children of the fishermen.
November 1  Annual Town Council elections.
December 25  'Thunder, lightning, hail and snow'.

1857
March 27  Parliamentary election. William Coningham (Liberal) replaces Lord Alfred Hervey.
April 18  Mrs Ogle of Withdean presents new clothing to the children of the Parish National Schools.
May 25  Swiss Gardens opens for the season.
July 25  Fire at the Victory PH in Duke Street.
July 27  The workhouse inmates have their annual treat at the Swiss Gardens.
August 1  The Theatre opens for the season.
October 5  The Swiss Gardens close at the end of the season.
October 8  A brig, the Pilgrim out of Gosport, is stranded off the Chain Pier in a fierce storm. The crew are save by the Brighton lifeboats.
October 14-28  Madame Newsome's Circus at the Pavilion Riding School.
October 29  A meeting is held to form a local branch of the National Life Boat Institution.
November 3  The music hall in Edward Street burns down.
November 9  John Cordy Burrows is unanimously elected mayor of Brighton.
November 14  Additional ground at the Extra Mural Cemetery is consecrated.
December 21  Parochial Cemetery consecrated.

1858
January 21  Work starts on removal of the Battery.
January 22  A new groyne, contiguous with the old Pump Groyne is commenced; the contractor is Mr Fabian, the engineer John Wright.
February 15  Brighton Theatre closes but reopens on 22nd for a short operatic season.
May 27  The Royal Brunswick Masonic Lodge, no 1034 is consecrated at the Old Ship Hotel.
June 28  Hove National Schools are opened.
July 10  Louis-Antoine Jullien's monster concert at Brunswick cricket ground.
July 31  Brighton Theatre opens for the season.
October 20  St Patrick's Church opens.
October 28  Pianist and composer Wilhelm Wilhelm Kuhe gives his annual concert.
November 8  Mr & Mrs Alfred Wigan commence an engagement at the Theatre.
November 9  John Cordy Burrows is re-elected mayor of Brighton.
December 17  The pantomime Little Red Riding Hood opens at the Theatre.

1859
January 17  Brighton School of Art opened.
January 31  Brighton and Sussex School of Practical Art inaugurated.
February 6  The Vizcaya is wrecked off Rottingdean.
February 8  The Brighton school scandal is being investigated.
February 28  Brighton theatre closes.
March 3  Trinity Chapel's new organ is inaugurated.
March 8  Lola Montez lectures at the Royal Pavilion.
March 12  P T Barnum lectures at the Town Hall.
April 28  Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid dies in London.
April 30  Parliamentary election. No change in representation.
May 20  'Terrible' storm with much damage by strong winds. Dyke Road windmill is struck by lightning.
June 7  The governor and matron of the workhouse resign.
June 8  Brighton and Sussex Society of Arts dissolved.
July 13  The first drinking fountain in Brighton inaugurated.
July 15  Mr and Mrs Sattin appointed governor and matron of the workhouse.
July 30  Brighton Theatre opens for the season, managed by Henry Nye Chart.
September 5  Madame Celeste appears at Brighton Theatre.
September 27  Brighton College chapel opened.
November 17  Trees first planted in Brighton churchyard.

 

Page created 9 May 2017