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Brighton and Hove people: D

     
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DACRES, Field Marshall Sir Richard James GCB
1799-1886
Field Marshall Sir Richard DacresSon of Vice-admiral Sir Richard Dacres. Joined the Royal Artillery as a second lieutenant in 1817, tranferred to the Royal Horse Artillery in 1843, promoted to major in 1851 and lieutenant-colonel in 1852, commanding forces during the Crimean War at the battles of Alma, Balaclava and Inkerman and through the siege of Sevastopol and took command of all artillery in Crimea for the final stages of the war. He retired from active service in 1877 and was appointed Constable of the Tower in 1881, becoming Master Gunner of England the following year. He was granted the rank of field marshall five months before his death, at which time he was president of the Hove Club. 28 Palmeira Square [residence 1886, deathplace]
DACRES, Admiral Sir Sidney Colpoys GCB
1806-1884
Admiral Sir Sidney DacresBrother of Field Marshall Sir Richard Dacres. Joined the Royal Navy in 1817, commissioned as lieutenant in 1827. After action in the bombardment of Sevastopol in the Crimean War, he was appointed captain-superiuntendant of Haslar Hospital and the Royal Clarence (Gosport) Victualling Yard. He became a flag officer as captain of the fleet in the Mediterranean and in 1863 was commander-in-chief in the Channel until promotion to vice-admiral in 1865. He became First Sea Lord between December 1868 and November 1872, becoming a full admiral in 1870. 47 Brunswick Square [residence 1884, deathplace]
D'AGUILAR, Major-General Sir George Charles
1784-1855
General Sir George D'AguilarJoined the army in 1799, was in India until 1808 and served 26 years on the general staff. In 1815 he was with Wellington's army for the capture of Paris. He wrote the army textbook Regulations and Punlishments of the British Army. He was Lieutenant-Governor of Hong Kong 1843-1848, where a street and Cape D'Aguilar are named in his honour, as are the town of D'Aguilar and D'Aguilar National Park in Queensland, Australia. 30 Brunswick Square [residence 1852-1855]
DALRYMPLE, Major-General Sir Adolphus John bt
1784-1866
General Sir A J DalrympleArmy officer and MP for Brighton 1837-1841 (contested the seat unsuccessfully in 1832, 1835 and 1841). He was MP for three other constituencies at different times. 5 Brunswick Terrace
DARE, Phyllis
1890-1975
Phyllis DareActress, born Phyllis Constance Haddie Dones in Chelsea, she first appeared on stage at the age of nine. She made her name in musicals, in starring roles from 1909. Her last role was in Ivor Novello's King's Rhapsody, appearing with her sister Zena, in a two-year run from 1949. She retired to Brighton in 1951. • Flat 19, Mitre House, 149 Western Road [residence 1949-1965]
• 68 Sedgwick Road (now Bramble Way), Hollingbury [residence 1966-c1975]
DARLING, Alfred
1861-1931
Son of a 'master engineer and machinist' with a substantial business when Alfred was a boy (he employed 28 men and boys in 1871). Alfred initially worked for his father in Lambeth. He married in 1882. After the birth of their first two children (they went on to have six more), the family moved to Brighton in 1887/88 but Alfred remained in lodgings in London, working as an engine fitter. He began his own engineering business at his home, 47 Chester Terrace, Brighton in 1894, but by mid 1896 had moved into a workshop at 25 Ditchling Rise. He later moved the family home to 83 Ditchling Rise.
      On 18 September 1896 he was commissioned to carry out repairs to a film camera for Esmé Collings. Among early clients were G A Smith and James Williamson. The latter ascribed the early start of film-making in the area and his own beginnings to the contribution made by Darling.
      With Alfred Wrench he designed a 35mm camera, which they patented in 1897. For Charles Urban in 1899, he designed and built the Biokam camera for amateur and semi-professional use, which used 17.5mm film. As well as cameras and projectors, his company made film printers, perforators, winders and tripods. In 1901, when he was still listed in the census as a railway engine fitter, he was commissioned by Urban to make a prototype three-colour camera to a design by Edward Turner, whose work—the basis of G A Smith's work that led to Kinemacolor—was backed by Urban.
      When Charles Urban Trading Company was set up in 1903, Darling was an investor and, for a time, a director of the company. His company moved from Ditchling Rise to South Street, Preston in the north of Brighton in 1926. Alfred Darling left nearly £26,000 and is buried in Hove cemetery.
47 Chester Terrace
25 Ditchling Rise
83 Ditchling Rise
DARLING, General Sir Ralph
1772-1858
Governor of New South Wales 1824-1831. Highly unpopular during his tenure, the Darling River and Darling Downs are named after him, the Sydney suburbs of Darling Point and Darlinghurst after his wife. He retired to and died in Brighton. 39 Brunswick Square
D'AVIGDOR-GOLDSMID, Sir Osmond E bt
1877-1940
Osmond D'Avigdor-GoldsmidSucceeded to the Goldsmid estates on the death of his cousin, Sir Julian Goldsmid. he was granted a baronetcy in his own right in 1934. Nephew of Sir Julian Goldsmid, who had eight daughters but no sons, so Osmond inherited his uncle's entailed property in 1896. He was High Sheriff of Kent and President of the Board of Deputies of British Jews. The baronetcy that became extinct on Sir Julian's death was revived for Osmond in 1934 in recognition of his public service. Osmond Road
Davigdor Road
DAVIDSON, W Lascelles
1870-1944
Born into a military family (his father was a lieutenant-colonel on the Madras staff), Captain Davidson of the 6th Sussex King’s Militia (late of the 4th Battalion The King’s (liverpool) Regiment) was an experimenter in colour photography and cinematography. His first patent, in 1898, was for a three-lens camera, each lens with a filter of one of the primary colours. The following year he introduced a practical colour photography system. At the time of the 1901 census he and his wife, recently returned from Ireland, where their infant son was born, were occupying three rooms in the lodging house of Mrs Elizabeth Groves at 8 White Rock Road, Southwick. In subsequent years, now with four children, they lived in Southview road, Southwick.
      In May 1901 Davidson bought a Kammatograph camera/projector—images were recorded in a spiral on a glass disc—which he used in colour cinematography experiments in collaboration with Dr Benjamin Jumeaux, who lived around the corner. They patented a two-colour system in 1903, using light-splitting prisms in the camera and projector. Their test films were processed by G A Smith in his plant at St Ann’s Well Gardens but were not considered to be of acceptable quality. The ‘laboratory for natural colour photography’ in the name of Davidson and Jumeaux was at 20 Middle Street, Brighton, where Davidson was also listed as an occupant in directories between 1904 and 1907 (in 1905 the listing is for ‘Davidson’s Patents’, which merited its own listing).
      In 1906 he and William Friese Greene demonstrated a two-colour film system at the Royal Institution and later that year at the Photographic Convention of Great Britain in Southampton. However, Davidson seems to have abandoned the work, on which he spent £3,000, following the patenting by Smith and Charles Urban of the two-colour system that became known as Kinemacolor.
20 Middle Street [workshop c1904-1905]
DAVIES, William Edmund
1819-1879
Bookmaker, nicknamed 'The Leviathan'. Born in London, where he worked for the building firm Cubitt & Co. During a working visit to Newmarket he started taking bets. His clientele grew on the basis of his readiness to pay out whatever the size of the stake and the odds. He retired in 1857 and moved into the King and Queen Hotel in Marlborough Place, Brighton before buying his final home. Described in the 1861 census as 'holder of railway shares', he left £60,000 of these shares to Brighton Corporation, of which £50,000 was used to buy Preston Park in 1883. 18 Gloucester Place • Preston Park
de CHASSIRON, Alice Margueretta Crichton
1868-1938
(nee Vincent). Her first husband was William John Crichton; her second, married in 1910, was Baron Guy Marie de Chassiron (1864-1932). She was the founder of the Bluebell Time Charity. She left £31,271 2s 2d. Pier Lodge, 94 King's Road [residence <1930-1936]
19 Brunswick Terrace [residence 1936-1938]
DELVE, Sir Frederick ('Freddy') William Delve
1902-1995
Brighton-born son of a master tailor who joined the Royal Navy on his 16th birthday, two weeks before the end of World War I, as a wireless telegraphist. In 1922 he joined the Brighton Fire Brigade, becoming the youngest Second Officer in the country in 1929 at the age of 27. He was appointed chief officer of Croydon Fire Brigade in 1934, introducing radio communications between appliances and headquarters. He supervised the deploye=ment at the fire that destroyed Crystal Palace in 1936. He was Deputy Inspector-in-Chief of Fire Services during World War II and Chief Officer of the London Fire Brigade from 1948, the first to be knighted in office in 1962, the year of his retirement. He died in Hove. 2 Baker Street [childhood home]
DE ROSAZ, Chevalier François
1799-1876
Doctor and financier, founded the Female Orphan Asylum in Western Road in 1822, which moved to Gloucester Street and then in 1853 to a new building in Eastern Road (now the Latilla Building of the Royal Sussex County Hospital). 51 Upper Bedford Place
1 Arundel Terrace
Rosaz House, Bristol Gate
DEVIS, Arthur
1712-1787
Artist, born in Preston, Lancashire, taught by Peter Tillemans, the Flemish painter. He came to concentrate on prtrait painting, first of pro-Jacobite Lancashire families, then established a studio in London in 1745. He was president of the new Free Society of Artists but was never made a Royal Academician. Only six of his 22 children survived, two of them becoming painters. He sold all his remaining paintings in 1783 and retired to Brighton, where died.
DEVONSHIRE, Duke of See William George Spencer Cavendish.
DEWÉ, William Tombs JP
1826-1904
Solicitor. Born in Weston-on-Trent, Derbyshire, son of a farmer, he was a farmer of 700 acres at Sapperton, Gloucester by 1853 and retained the farm throughout his life. He was a Brighton councillor for St Nicholas ward -1891, Montpelier ward bef1895-1900. Sometime colonel of 1st Volunteer Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment, master of Brighton Harriers, lord of the manor of Coates, Cirencester • 28 Buckingham Place [residence 1878-1896]
90 Montpelier Road [residence 1899]
2 Goldsmid Road [residence 1901-1903]
4 Powis Villas [residence -1904]
DICKENS, Charles
Novelist. Frequent visitor to Brighton, who wrote much of Dombey and Son while staying at the Bedford Hotel. Bedford Hotel, King's Road
DICKINS family       DICKINS, Charles Scrase JP (1794-1875) was born in Brighton and baptised at St Nicholas' Church. He married Lady Frances Elizabeth Smith Compton, daughter of Charles Compton, 1st Marquess of Northampton, who inherited the Coolhurst estate at Horsham from her mother. Owned one moiety of the Manor of Brighton1.
      DICKINS, Charles Spencer Scrase JP, son of Charles Scrase Dickins. Born in Hove. Landowner, including York Hotel, Old Steine1.
      DICKINS, Charles Robert Scrase DL JP (1857-1947). Landowner. Born in Hove, son of Charles Spencer Scrase Dickins. President of the Royal Sussex County Hospital. Lived at Coolhurst, Horsham (for the gardens at which he was awarded the RHS Victoria Medal for Horticulture in 1934), Chester Square, London and 11 Chichester Terrace. Left £12,596 1s 8d, plus settled land valued at £247,248 4s 8d.
1Poll Book 1856
11 Chichester Terrace
DODSON, Sarah Paxton Bell
1847-1906
Artist born in Philadelphia, daughter of an engraver. Studied in Paris 1873-1876 and returned to the USA in 1885 but went back to France, influenced by French symbolism, the Pre-Raphaelites and fairy painting. She moved to Brighton in 1891. Her 'Honey of Hymettus' ('Butterflies') sold in 2017 for £70,000. 50 Rose Hill Terrace [residence]
DORSET, Earls/Dukes of Landowners. See Sackville family. Dorset Buildings
Dorset Gardens
Dorset Street
New Dorset Street
Dorset Court, Carlisle Road
Hangleton Manor
Dyke Road Drive
D'OYLY-JOHN, Cecil Rochfort
1906-1993
Cecil D'Oyly-JohnArtist. Brought up in Durban, South Africa, he led an itinerant and varied life before returning to England in 1939 to join the Military Police and served in Africa, the Middle East and Europe. Temporarily blinded by a bomb in 1945 he took up painting during his recuperation. (He claimed to be an illegitimate son of Augustus John.) He is buried in St Margaret's churchyard, Rottingdean. 79 Marine Parade [residence 1959-1961]
DREWITT, Stanley
1874-1964
Actor, born in Rosario, Argentina. He died in Hove. 27 New Steine [residence]
DUFF, Alexander William George, 1st Duke of Fife KG, KT, GCVO, VD, PC
1849-1912
Duke of FifeMP for Elginshire and Nairnshire 1874-1879, when he succeeded as 6th Earl Fife. He was created Earl of Fife in 1885 by Queen Victoria and in 1889 married her granddaughter, Princess Louise, following which he was created Duke of Fife and Marquess of Macduff. He fell ill after surviving a shipwreck with his family off the coast of Egypt and died at Aswan. 1 Lewes Crescent (Fife House)* [residence 1896-1924]
DYER, Anson
1876-1962
A pioneering and, during the 1930s, England's leading film animator. He was born, probably at his childhood home in William Street, the fifth of at least seven children of James Dyer, a 'chairman' (previously a carrier of a sedan chair but by then someone who pushed an invalid carriage around town), and Sarah, a charwoman. He studied at Brighton School of Art in Grand Parade. Rejected for service during the First World War, he began his film career making topical war cartoons for British Colonial and Kinematograph Company in 1915. 55 William Street
43 Chester Terrace
     
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Page updated 29 June 2021