Brighton and Hove people: L

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LANDSEER, Sir Edwin Henry
Edwin LandseerVictorian animal painter. Designed the lions around Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London. Reportedly lived in Queensbury Mews in 1841.
Portrait by Sir Francis Grant
Landseer Road
65-66 Queensbury Mews*
John Langridge'One of the best English cricketers of the 20th century never to play a Test match.'—Wisden. Played for Sussex from 1928 to 1955, scoring over 34,000 runs as opening batsman and taking 784 catches in his career, including 69 in his last season, the sixth large number ever.After retiring, he became a first-class umpire and stood in seven test matches and eight one-day internationals. Langridge Drive
LAUDERDALE, 11th Earl of See Admiral of the Fleet Thomas Maitland
Arrested for theft of a carpet in St James's Street, he murdered Brighton's first chief constable, Henry Solomon, while being questioned in the latter's office by striking him over the head with a poker. He was hanged at Horsham. Brighton Town Hall (police station), Bartholomews
John LeechIllustrator, Punch cartoonist and friend of Charles Dickens.
Self-portrait (right).
16 Lansdowne Place* [lodgings]
LEPARD, Ernest
Actor and comedian in variety theatre, real name Ernest Hart Higgins, born in Mile End, London. In 1899/1900 he became the manager of the Alhambra Opera House and Music Hall and remained there until 1905, when he left to become the manager of the Canterbury Music Hall in Lambeth. He played the missionary in James Williamson's film Attack on a Chinese Mission—Blue Jackets to the Rescue (1900). He joined the Drury Lane masonic lodge in 1904. He was sued for divorce in 1910 on the grounds of his adultery with music hall artiste Dolly Elsworthy, aunt of Michael Redgrave. He was subsequently manager of the Empire Theatre (now the Mayflower) in Southampton, which opened in 1928. He died at Hounsdown, near Southampton.
LEWENSTEIN, (Silvion) Oscar
Oscar LewensteinProduced some of the most important British films of the 1960s. In 1952 he became general manager of London’s Royal Court Theatre and in 1956 co-founded the English Stage Company, which was central to the ‘new wave’ of English theatre—its third production was John Osborne’s Look Back in Anger. He became a director of Woodfall Film Productions, for which he produced a number of films that epitomised the freewheeling spirit of the times. He also had his own production company for The Bed Sitting Room. 9 Western Esplanade [childhood home 1920-1928]
11 Western Esplanade [residence 1972-1997, deathplace]
LIDIARD, Victoria
Victoria LidiardSuffragette and women's rights campaigner. 14 Palmeira Avenue*
LLOYD, Edward
English tenor. 33 New Church Road
LODER, Sir Gerald Walter Erskine, 1st Baron Wakehurst
Gerald LoderMP for Brighton 1889-1905, first elected in a by-election on 25 October 1889 on the death of William Robertson until his own elevation as Lord of the Treasury caused a by-election on 5 April 1905. The sevonth child and fourth son of Sir Robert Loder, 1st baronet (1823-1888), deputy lieutenant for Sussex and MP for New Shoreham until 1885. In 1903 he bought Wakehurst Place and created the famous gardens. He was president of the Royal Horticultural Society and the Royal Arboricultural Society and was later created 1st Baron Wakehurst of Ardingly in 1934. He was a director of the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway from 1892 and chairman of its successor, Southern Railway, in 1932. 23 Brunswick Terrace
Abinger House, 142 King's Road [residence c1891-1936]
Loder Road
LOFTUS, Lord George Herbert, 6th Marquess of Ely
4, 21 Alexandra Villas
Princess LOUISE Victoria Alexandra Dagmar of Wales, Princess Royal
Princess LouiseThird child and eldest daughter of Edward VII, granddaughter of Queen Victoria and Christian IX of Denmark. Declared Princess Royal by Edward VII in 1905. She married Alexander Duff, 6th Earl of Fife in 1889. 1 Lewes Crescent (Fife House)* [residence 1896-1924]
LOWTHER, Alderman Edward JP
Edward LowtherBorn at Benton, Northumberland, he began work in the collieries. He married in 1867 and came south to set up as a coal merchant in London, becoming a councillor for Preston ward in 18841 until his death, hastened by a fall when visiting an electricity power station. He was on the board of the Waterworks Committee and one of the water pumping engines at Falmer is also named after him. He had 14 children. He was a staunch Primitive Methodist; a commemorative plaque to him is at London Road Methodist Church. Lowther Road
41 Ditchling Rise [residence]

1"Mr. Edward Lowther." The Times 8 July 1912: 9
LUCRAFT, George (Ronald)
Mayor of Brighton in 1973/74. Lucraft Road
30 Wilbury Crescent [residence]
Lord LyndhurstOne of the few women who got to direct films in Hollywood in her day. Born into a celebrated theatrical family—her father was Stanley Lupino, who had a bungalow in Bungalow Town at Shoreham, and her aunt was Nell Emerald—she went to a boarding school in Hove while her parents were in America. Her first acting roles were at Hove Town Hall and the Hippodrome, Brighton. She appeared in nearly 50 films from 1931 and in many of the top television series from 1954, for which she also directed upwards of 50 episodes. Her first credited feature film as director was Never Fear (1949), which she also wrote and produced for The Filmakers [sic], the independent production company formed with her then husband, Collier Young. She directed six more by 1953, specialising in social issues, after which most of her work was for television, with a final feature film outing in 1966. Clarence House School, 4 Norman Road [education]
LYNDHURST, John Copley, 1st Baron
Lord LyndhurstThree times Tory Lord Chancellor and friend of Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, who was influential in passing the Jewish Disabilities Removal Act 18451. Lyndhurst Road

1Carder (1990)
LYONS, Edward Elias
E E LyonsPioneer cinema exhibitor. He opened the Academy Cinema in West Street, Brighton in 1911 (when he was working as a commission agent). He formed the Biocolor cinema circuit, which was sold to Gaumont. He was a director of the largest cinema operator, Denman Picture Houses, from 1928, and was one of the partners in the Astoria in Gloucester Place, Brighton in 1933—first of a planned chain of Astorias: a second opened at Purley, Surrey in April 1934 and a third at Cliftonville, Kent five days before Lyons’ death. There had also been unfulfilled plans for an Astoria at Worthing. As a Brighton councillor he was a prime mover behind the scheme in 1925/26 to establish a British National Film Studio in Brighton. 8 Sillwood Road [residence 1911-1918 ]
35 Brunswick Terrace [residence 1919-1927]
Hatch Beauchamp, London Road [1929-1934]
LYONS, Edward F ('Teddy')
Cinema pioneer. One of the partners in the New Bio Company (‘Top class films at rockbottom prices’), which ran the Empire Cinema in Bradford, Yorkshire as part of the Biocolour Picture Theatres circuit. He founded E A Langrish & Co in Birmingham in 1915, a firm that supplied projector arc lamps. Langrish merged with the Leeds firm of A Kershaw & Sons in 1934 to form Kalee Ltd, using Kershaw’s brand name for cinema equipment, including projectors, seats and other supplies. This became GB-Kalee (GB for Gaumont-British) in 1943 with Lyons as joint managing director. Around this time the company was manufacturing and supplying 90 per cent of equipment installed in British cinemas. He later became a director of Rank Precision industries when it took over British Acoustic Films, GB-Kalee and Taylor, Taylor & Hobson. He was the director of Cranfield Cinemas, which moved its headquarters from London to Hassocks in the early 1950s. Seadown, 33 Shirley Drive [residence 1928-1933]
53 Hove Park Road [residence 1934-1938]
Wayland Avenue [residence]
Kingsway Court, Queen's Gardens [residence]
LYTTELTON, George William, 4th Baron Lyttelton KCMG, PC
4th Baron LyttletonConservative politician, who succeeded to the barony in 1837. His wife was the sister-in-law of W E Gladstone, of whom one of Lyttelton's sons was private secretary. Other sons among his 15 children became a general, a bishop, a first-class cricketer and headmaster of Eton College. He founded the colony at Canterbury, New Zealand, where the port bears his name. He died by throwing himself down the stairs in a London house.
Image: Photographic portrait by Frederick Richard Window (1863)[National Portrait Gallery]
80 Marine Parade [residence 1861]
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Page updated 24 June 2022