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The people who built Brighton and Hove: C

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CARDEN, Alfred
Alfred CardenArchitect and surveyor's assistant (1881), architect and surveyor at 15 Ship Street (1890), 75-76 North Street (1911-12), 205 Western Road (1915). Born in Brighton, living at 65 Gloucester Road (1851-91), 2 Hartington Villas (1899), 44 Southdown Avenue (1911). • Grand Concert Hall, 78 West Street (1892)
Coronation Cinema, 104 North Road (1911)
CAREW, John Edward
Irish sculptor, whose principal patron was George Wyndham, 3rd Earl of Egrement moved his studio to Brighton in 1831. Noted for sculptures at Petworth House, the bronze relief of the death of Nelson for Nelson's Column. 9 Bloomsbury Place [residence 1832-34]
St John the Baptist Church, Bristol Road* (Baptism of Christ, 1835, and memorial to Rev Edward Cullen, 1850)
Caroe & Partners Architects. Founded by Alban Douglas Rendell Caroe and Aubyn Peart Robinson. Caroe's son Martin Caroe (1933-1999) continued the firm after this father's death in 1991). Chapel Royal, North Street (repairs, 1992)
CARPENTER, Richard Cromwell
  St Paul's Church, West Street (1846-48)
All Saints Church, Compton Avenue (1853, demolished 1957)
Church of St Nicholas of Myra, Church Street (restoration 1853-54)
CARPENTER, Richard Herbert
R H CarpenterSon of R C Carpenter. Partnership with Benjamin Ingelow from 1872. St Paul's Church, West Street* (extended 1876)
Church of the Holy Resurrection, Russell Street (1876, closed 1908, demolished 1968)
St Leonard's Church, New Church Road*
Architect. He later became Deputy Borough Architect. High Vu, 8 Highview Avenue North (1934)
CAWTHORN, Frank Thomas
Architect and surveyor at 170 North Street (1910-18). Born in Greenwich, son of a lodging house keeper. Architects draughtsman (1881). Partner in Scott and Cawthorn. LRIBA 1925. He never married. Left £13,093 1s 1d. WORK
Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady, Washington Street
St Agnes' Church, Newtown Road [1903, attrib. but unlikely. See A G Humphrey]
Church of St John, Carlton Hill (restoration, 1919)

> See also Scott & Cawthorn

56a Marine Parade [childhood home 1871]
• 11 College Road [family residence, 1881]
91 Freshfield Road [family residence, 1891] • 57 Freshfield Road [residence 1899-1933, deathplace]
CDMS Architects Architects. Camillin Denny Morton Scarr. New England House, New England Road (reconfiguration)
St Stephen's Hall, Montpelier Place* (restoration/conversion)
Architect at 15 Ship Street (1890).
Artist and designer, notably of colour schemess for art-deco-period places of entertainment. including the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre at Stratford-on-Avon. Regent Cinema, Queen's Road [interiors, 1921]
CHANTREY, Sir Francis Leggatt RA
Francis Leggatt ChantreySculptor of portrait busts and statues. Knighted in 1835. He left the bulk of his estate to the trustees of the Royal Academy; the Chantrey Bequest was the main source of funds for acqusiitions by the Tate Gallery until the 1920s.
Portrait: Henry Bone, 1831, after John Jackson
Statue of George IV, Church Street (1822)
CHAPMAN, William
Architect and surveyor at 3 Abbey Road (1899).
CHAPPELL, John Thomas
Builder, contractor and brick-maker. Born in Harrow, Middlesex, son of a bricklayer and himself became a bricklayer, living in High Street, Steyning (1861). In 1866 he also has a steam saw mill in Steyning, which he still had in 1880, by which time his business was in Lupus Street, Pimlico and Grosvenor Road, London. Builder employing about 600 men (1881). Lived at 9 St Michael's Place (1871-80), 25 First Avenue (1881-83); finally moved to London probably c1884. Retired by 1911. Court House, Church Street (1868)
1 Grand Avenue* (1871-74, now King's House)
Hove Town Hall, Church Road (1882, destroyed by fire 1966)
Hove General Hospital, Sackville Road (1887-88) [now Tennyson Court flats]
King's Gardens, Kingsway* (c1890)
CHAPPLE, John Starling
Architect, born in Exeter. Assistant to William Burges from 1859 and clerk of works. Completed the interior decoration of St Michael & All Angels after Burges' death. St Michael and All Angels, Victoria Road* (interior decoration, 1881-)
Builder at Kensington Cottage, 34 Kensington Street (1841-61). Master builder employing 190 men and boys (1861). Known as George Cheesman, Childrens being his grandmother's maiden name incorporated in his father's surname. Also described as architect and surveyor. Father of George Cheesman and Thomas Cheesman (1823-), also a builder. Christ Church, Montpelier Road (1837, fire 1978)
The Old Vicarage, Temple Gardens (1834)
Grand Parade Chapel, Morley Street (1835, demolished 1938)
St Paul's Church, West Street
St Ann's Church, Burlington Street (1862)
drainage and outfall, Brunswick Square and Brunswick Terrace (1862)
George Cheesman JrArchitect, surveyor, builder at 21 Ship Street (!843). Lived at St Florence, Pembrokeshire at the time of his death. Sisters of Mercy Convent, Bristol Road (1873)
Cheesman & Freeman Brighton building firm. Successor to Cheesman and Son.
Cheesman & Son Brighton building firm, partnership of the George Cheesmans Snr and Jr, which appears to have been dissolved c1855. See also Samuel Denman. Church of St John the Evangelist, Carlton Hill (1840)
Percival Terrace (1845-1850)
Cheesman & Sons Brighton building firm, active c1865.
Christian & Cowell Architects at 36 Duke Street (1899).
CLARKE, George Somers
Son of Brighton vestry clerk Somers Clarke. His family home was in Oriental Place. He trained with George Gilbert Scott. In 1876 he formed a partnership with John Thomas Micklethwaite. He was also an Egyptologist and built a house at El Kab. He died in Egypt. Not to be confused with George Somers Leigh Clarke (1822-1882), an architect who trained with Charles Barry. Despite the similar in their names, no family connection has been traced. PERSONAL
27 Oriental Place [childhood home]
11 Dyke Road (former Swan Downer School)* (1869)
22-24 North Street (rebuilding 1873)
6-9 Western Road, Brighton (1874)
Church of St Martin and St Wilfrid, Lewes Road Wagner Memorial Church, 1873-75)
St Martin's Vicarage, Franklin Road, Brighton (1877)
St Peter's Church, St Peter's Place* (heating chmber 1888; chancel extension 1900-1906)
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (1870, and with J T Micklethwaite, 1888)
All Saints Church, Church Hill, Patcham (1875)
Church of St Nicholas of Myra, Church Street (1876, 1886)
Holy Trinity Chapel, Ship Street (remodelling, 1885-87)
Victoria Branch, Brighton & Hove Dispensary, Sackville Road (1887)
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (restoration, 1888)
St Peter's Church, Holmes Avenue (restoration, 1891)
CLARKE, George Somers Leigh
George Somers Leigh ClarkeBorn in Newington, London, he trained with Charles Barry. His practice was at 20 Cockspur Street, London. He came second in the competition to design Brighton College in 1848, losing to George Gilbert Scott, and was awarded a 30gns premium. Blind Asylum, Eastern Road (1861)
CLAYTON, Charles Edward
Architect, pupil of Thomas Simpson. Brighton-born son of Hollis Clayton, house agent and owner. Partner with George Holford in Holford & Clayton from 1876 to 1883 at 152 North Street (1876-1877). Founding partner in Clayton & Black. Architect to the Theatre Royal 1894-1920. PERSONAL
14 Chatham Place [childhood home]
1 Powis Grove [residence 1877]
47 Shaftesbury Road [residence 1881]
20 Highcroft Villas [residence 1891]
Empire Theatre of Varieties, 16-17 New Road [reconstruction 1896, later Court Cinema, Paris Cinema, etc, demolished 1967]
Duke of York's Cinema, Preston Circus (1910)
See also Clayton & Black
CLAYTON, Charles Lawrence FRIBA
Elder son of Charles E Clayton. Born in Brighton, he grew up in Edburton and later lived in Bolney (1939). ARIBA 1920. Became partner in Clayton & Black. Retired to Castlehyde, Co Cork, Ireland by the mid 1950s.
CLAYTON, John Richard
Designer, partner in Clayton & Bell. Trained as an architect under G G Scott, worked for him as a draughtsman before becoming an artist and designer. Designed the mosaics on the Albert Memorial. Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady, Washington Street (glass, 1864)
Clayton & Bell Designers, notably of stained glass, Partnership of J R Clayton and Alfred Bell, formed in 1857. Trained some of the leading glass designers of the period, including John Burlison, T J Grylls and C E Kempe and at one time employed 300 men. Led by Bell family descendants, the firm survived until 1993. St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (wall paintings)
St Barnabas' Church, Byron Street* (glass)
Christ Church, Montpelier Road (glass)
St Mark's Church, Eastern Road (glass)
St Michael and All Angels, Victoria Road (glass)
St Leonard's Church, New Church Road (glass)
St Patrick's Church, Cambridge Road (glass)
St Margaret's Church, The Green, Rottingdean* (glass)
Clayton & Black Brighton firm of architects and surveyors of Charles E Clayton and Ernest Black. Founded as Holford and Clayton in 1876 and joined by Black in 1882. When Holford left in 1883, the firm took its present name. Later partners included their respective sons, Charles L Clayton and Kenneth R Black. The practice moved from premises at 152 North Street in 1904 to 10 Prince Albert Street. Blenheim House, 56 Old Steine (remodelling, 1875)
Gwydyr Mansions, Holland Road (1890)
French Convalescent Home, De Courcel Road (1895-98)
Royal Insurance Company, 163 North Street
Theatre Royal, New Road (reconstruction, 1894)
five houses in Agnes Street (1903)
four houses in Coronation Street (1903)
8 houses, Seville Street (1904)
Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Davigdor Road (1909, now St Mary and St Abraam Coptic Orthodox Church)
council houses at 23-30 High Street, Kemp Town (1910)
Duke of York's Picture House, Preston Circus (1910)
factory for the Standard Tablet and Pill Company, Hove Park Villas (1917; now DuBarry Building)
First Church of Christ Scientist, 97 Montpelier Road (extension and new facade, 1921)
Imperial Arcade (1923-24)
King and Queen, 14-16 Marlborough Place (remodelled 1931-32)
Norfolk Arms, 52 Grand Parade
Sussex Grill, Ship Street
SS Brighton, West Street
Great Globe PH, Edward Street
Clayton, Black & Daviel Brighton firm of architects formed in the 1950s when J R F Daviel joined the firm. Church of St Richard of Chichester, The Crossway, Hollingdean (1953)
> See also J R F Daviel
Architect and surveyor at 23 Russell Place (1824). St James's Street (projections, 1824)
COADE, Eleanor
Developed a superior form of artificial stone after taking over the business of Daniel Pincot in Lambeth. Lithodipyra (meaning twice-fired stone), commonly called Coade stone, received a royal warrant from George III and the Prince Regent. Royal Pavilion, Old Steine (statuary, mouldings)
St Nicholas' Church, Church Street (memorial)
Chapel Royal, North Street (royal coat of arms)
COATES, Wells Wintemute
Wells CoatesArchitect, designer and inventor, born to Canadian methodist missionaries in Tokyo, he came to England soon after graduating at the University of British Columbia, having served as a gunner and then pilot in the Royal Air Force during the Great War. H established his own practice in 1928. A follower of Le Corbusier, his first important Modernist design was for the Isokon Building in Hampstead (1934), followed by Embassy Court (1935); he designed only one more apartment block. After war service, again in the RAF, he designed the Telekinema for the Festival of Britain, which became the National Film Theatre from 1952 until its relocation in 1957. He progressively returned to Canada and died in Vancouver, for which he designed a monorail rapid transit system. Some of his archive is at the University of East Anglia. Embassy Court, King's Road (1934-35)
COLBRON, Harry Stiles
Surveyor to the Town Commissioners and coal merchant, at 23-24 Upper Rock Gardens (1832-1834), at 28/21 Devonshire Place (1839-1848), 74 West Street 1856). Proprietor of 1-5 Hanover Terrace (Poll Book 1842). Prince Albert Street (laying out, 1839, 1842)
COLBRON, Joseph Parkin
Surveyor. Born in Brighton, elder son of Harry S Colborn. Surveyor for West Hove Improvement Commissioners at 2-3 Osborne Street, Cliftonville (1868-78), 38 Osborne Villas (1906-1913). Associate of the Institute of Civil Engineers 1867. • 11 Osborne Villas [residence 1861]
• 4 Bond Street [practice 1856]
Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow Architectural practice of John Duke Coleridge (qv below), Paul Humphrey Coleridge (qv below), Frank Jennings and Mitrofan (Michael) Soimenow (1892-1976). The partnership was dissolved in 1935 and continued as Coleridge & Jennings. Courtenay Gate (1934)
Architect in the firm of Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow (qv above). Son of a barrister and grandson of 1st Baron Coleridge of Ottery St Mary, a former Attorney General and Lord Chief Justice. Brother of Paul Humphrey Coleridge.
Architect in the firm of Coleridge, Jennings & Soimenow (qv above). Son of a barrister and grandson of 1st Baron Coleridge of Ottery St Mary, a former Attorney General and Lord Chief Justice. Brother of John Duke Coleridge.
COLES, Frank Alleyn
Architect. ARIBA 1892. Church of St John the Baptist, Church Road (additions, 1906-07)
COLES, George
Architect, principally of cinemas (Odeon) and department stores (British Home Stores) in the English Moderne (art deco) style. Designed the Rothbury Cinema among nearly 90 cinemas. He lived at Buck's Head, near Lower Beeding. Rothbury Cinema, Franklin Road (1934)
Architect. Joined the office of Brighton Borough Surveyor Philip Causton Lockwood in 1867, where he worked on the final stages of the original conversion of the Royal Stables into The Dome concert hall and Corn Exchange. He set up his own practice in London in 1869 and his main work—including the Savoy Hotel, the Palace Theatre and the Imperial Institute—was away from Brighton. He was president of the RIBA 1906-1908. The Dome, Church Street* (1867)
COLLINS, William
'Glassman'. St Peter's Church, St Peter's Place* (glass)
Christ Church, Montpelier Road (glass)
COMPER, Sir John Ninian
John Ninian ComperArchitect and designer. Spent a year with C E Kempe before becoming a pupil of G F Bodley. St Mary Magdalene, Coldean Lane (reredos, part brought from St Anne's Church Eastbourne)
Church of St Thomas the Apostle, Davigdor Road (pulpit, glass, 1909, now St Mary and St Abram Coptic Orthodox Church)
COOPER, Thomas
Builder and architect, born in Marylebone, London, son of a Brighton builder. Moved to Brighton c1820, lived at 52 Gloucester Lane (1851). Hanover Chapel, Church Street (attrib, 1825) [now part of Brighthelm, North Raod]
Trinity Independent Presbyterian (Mr Faithfull's) Chapel, Church Street (1825)
Bedford Hotel, King's Road (1829, destroyed by fire 1964)
Brighton Town Hall, Bartholomews (1830-32)
St Mark's Church, Eastern Road (1840, attrib)
Cooper & Lynn Architects. Royal Colonnade, New Road (1823; part remaining)
Artist. St Nicholas' Church, Church Street (painted reredos)
Architect at 1 Victoria Place (1856). No work identified so far.
Builder, born in Shaftesbury, Dorset, son of a carpenter who was himself born in Henfield, Sussex. The family moved to Brighton in John's early childhood. He trained as a carpenter and still had that profession in 1871 but began building soon after. 14 Jubilee Street [childhood residence 1861]
42 Over Street [residence 1871]
Upper Wellington Road (1876-77)
2 Upper Wellington Road [residence c1877-1899]
COX, Oliver
Stained and leaded glass craftsman, partner in Cox and Barnard. See Cox and Barnard.
COX, Thomas
Ecclesiastical tailor and stained glass craftsman, partner in Cox and Barnard. St Andrew's Church, Church Road (glass).
Cox & Barnard Firm founded in 1919 by a Mr Loadsman in Blatchington Road, Hove but soon taken over after his death by former employees Oliver Cox and William Barnard, who moved the company to Old Shoreham Road. Leaded lights in doors and porches in housing of the inter-war years in the Nevill Road area are by the firm. The company has been at 56 Livingston Road, Hove since 1968. St Mary's Catholic Church, Surrenden Road (glass)
Metropole Hotel, King's Road (glass, post-war)
Middle Street Synagogue (glass restoration)
Hove Town Hall, Church Road (glass canopy, destroyed by fire 1966)
St Nicolas' Church, Manor Hill, Portslade (glass, 1946)
St Philip's Church, New Church Road, Aldrington (glass, 1955, 1960)
St Andrew's Church, Colborne Avenue, Moulescoomb (glass, 1998)
Church of the Sacred Heart, Norton Road* (glass, 2001)
Architect. Partner of S J Hansom. Church of the Sacred Heart, Norton Road* (1880)
CREANE, Robert C E
Architect/civil engineer at 3 Rose Hill Terrace (1899-1901). Born in Co Kerry, Ireland. Living in Brighton at 9 Preston Street in 1881 as a saddler and harness maker employing one man and a boy. Moved to Erith, Kent as public house manager (1891). Back in Brighton by the end of the decade, variously described as an architect and civil engineer.
Surveyor and builder at 6 Church Road (1881), 59 Norton Road (1882-84). Born in Swanmore or Droxford, Hampshire. Lived at Lynton House, 25 Holland Road (1891), 47 Wilbury Avenue (1901). Brother of Henry Cresswell. 16 The Drive (The Gables)* (1882)
Builder, employing 30 men and three boys (1881), at 18 Blatchington Road (1881-91); tile, iron and marble dealer at 50 Cromwell Road (1911-13), Woodside, Lansdowne Road (1918). Born in Swanmore, Hampshire; brother of Albert Cresswell. First Church of Christ Scientist, 97 Montpelier Road (extension and new facade, 1921)
CREWE, Bertie
Architect, specialising in theatres. Hippodrome, Middle Street [re-conversion 1902]
CRIBB, Herbert Joseph (Joe)
Carver and letter cutter. Born in Hammersmith, became first apprentice taken on by Eric Gill. Came with Gill to Ditchling after 1910, remained with the Guild of St Joseph and St Dominic after Gill's departure in 1924, responsible for all stonework until his death. Allied Irish Banks, 20-22 Marlborough Place (reliefs)
Church of the Good Shepherd, Dyke Road (inscription)
St John's Church, Carlton Hill (carving)
Church of the Ascension, Dene Vale, Westdene (communion table)
2-3 Pavilion Buildings (former Brighton & Hove Herald) (reliefs)
CROMIE, Robert F
Robert CromieArchitect, specialist in cinemas and theatres. Lido Cinema, Denmark Villas
157 Kingsway* (1934-35)
CROUCH, Frederick Alfred Architect at 75 Portland Road. ARIBA 1912. The Lodge, Leicester Villas [practice, residence 1929]
Architect. Sussex-born but worked in London. • Castle Hotel ballroom (1766), converted to Royal Chapel, moved and adapted as St Stephen's Church, Montpelier Place in 1852 [now First Base Day Centre].
Architect, younger brother of Thomas Cubitt, pupil of Henry Kendall Sr, whose daughter he married at St Nicholas. His main work was in the Belgravia and Bloomsbury districts of London. 5 Lewes Crescent [residence, deathplace]
CUBITT, Thomas
Thomas CubittArchitect and builder. Appenticed as a carpenter. Developed large housing estates, notably in Belgravia, Bloomsbury and Kemp Town. Lived at 13 Lewes Crescent at the time of his death. Left over £1m. St George's Church, St George's Road*
Eaton Place* (1845-1855)
Belgrave Place* (1848)
Chichester Terrace*
13 Lewes Crescent* [residence 1846-1855]
CURTIS, Thomas Figgis
Stained glass designer/maker, who took over the firm Ward & Hughes after the death of his wife's relative, Henry Hughes. See Curtis, Ward and Hughes
Curtis, Ward and Hughes Stained glass makers, successor company to Ward & Hughes, led by T F Curtis, from 1883 until his death, when his daughter Ethel Kibblewhite (1873-1947) kept the firm going until 1930. St Philip's Church, New Church Road [glass, 1894]
Church of St John the Evangelist, Preston Road [glass, 1902]
Church of the Good Shepherd, Dyke Road [glass, 1920-22]

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Page updated 12 October 2021